Hygiene

How to restore hormones after childbirth

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Changing the ratio of hormones in the body of a woman during the childbearing is a natural process. All physiological systems are rebuilt to ensure the full development of the unborn child.

During pregnancy, the ratio of hormones changes. The leading role belongs to progesterone, estriol, estradiol.

Nine months the body works in an enhanced mode, there are changes at all levels - biochemical and cellular. Restoration of hormonal balance after delivery takes time. During lactation, high levels of prolactin, which lowers the rate of estrogen. During the period of breastfeeding, their concentration is below normal values.

Avoid severe forms of hormonal failure:

With a safe period of postpartum recovery, hormone levels stabilize no earlier than 1-2 months after the end of breastfeeding. A number of factors affect the mother of the woman, so hormonal disruption is not uncommon

Causes of postpartum hormonal failure

Difficult pregnancy, difficult labor with complications, cesarean section cause hormonal disturbances. For the same reasons, the recovery period for normal hormone levels will be longer than after natural labor. Deplete reabeletatu and other factors:

  • breast milk is not produced,
  • poor nutrition,
  • lack of rest,
  • the absence of postpartum activity not related to the baby,
  • stress and anxiety
  • diseases immediately after giving birth,
  • medication,
  • drinking alcohol
  • smoking,
  • unfavorable ecological situation.

Hormonal background after childbirth normalizes slowly.

With the advent of the baby in the house, the young mother is experiencing physical overload. Impairment of well-being, frequent mood swings, jumps in blood pressure, the appearance of edema, and the occurrence of dizziness are signs of negative changes in the body.

Symptoms of a hormonal failure after birth are:

  • low performance, frequent depression, unexplained outbreaks of aggression, decreased libido associated with insufficient production of estrogen,
  • painful, heavy, prolonged menstruation - an indicator of low concentration of the main female hormone estradiol,
  • the cause of insomnia, superficial sleep - lack of progesterone,
  • low concentration of prolactin causes a violation of the production of breast milk,
  • Excessive weight or its reduction in normal nutrition is associated with a violation of the concentration of thyroid hormones.

Hormonal failure is reflected in the external state of the woman - hair falls out, skin rashes appear, tooth enamel is destroyed, excessive perspiration occurs. For these symptoms, you should consult a doctor to prevent complications..

Violation of the ratio of estrogen and progesterone leads to postpartum depression. It inevitably causes discord in the work of the internal organs and their systems.

For the treatment of severe hormonal failure after childbirth requires qualified medical assistance.

Monthly recovery

During breastfeeding in a woman, follicles (ova) do not mature due to the high level of prolactin. It inhibits the secretion of progesterone, which directly regulates the uterine cycle. The first menstruation should be expected after the end of lactation. Each application of a baby to the breast stimulates the secretion of prolactin.

Hormonal adjustment, resumption of the menstrual cycle is directly related to lactation:

Changes in hormonal levels

The process of delivery is a serious mechanism affecting the hormonal processes in the body. The following factors can influence the increase in the period of recovery of hormonal balance:

  • Unbalanced and irregular nutrition,
  • Severe and complicated childbirth,
  • Acceptance of hormonal contraceptives during pregnancy,
  • Impaired lactogenic function in the woman,
  • The impact of stress factors in the postpartum period,
  • Organic and functional diseases of the newborn child,
  • Alcohol and tobacco use,
  • Acceptance of potent medicinal drugs during the period of childbearing.

The duration of the hormonal imbalance in the postpartum period often increases due to the fact that young mothers go to the workplace early and do not limit themselves to such bad habits as smoking and drinking alcohol. The most common cause of hormonal imbalance in the postpartum period is the abrupt cancellation of the natural feeding of the baby. If this happens, the female body is not able to quickly respond to the restructuring of the hormonal background.

If necessary or willing to stop breastfeeding, every young mother should seek the advice of a medical professional. No less common cause of hormonal changes in the female body is increased emotional and physical stress, as well as a violation of the diet. These factors have a negative effect on the reducing ability of the body.

Nature of change

During the first months of childbearing, the expectant mother’s body produces an increased amount of the hormone progesterone. This biologically active substance is responsible for the harmonious development of the newborn child and the full growth of the mammary glands of the expectant mother. Under the influence of the hormone progesterone, the mental state of a pregnant woman undergoes changes. Against the background of increasing the concentration of this hormone, a woman becomes capricious, hot-tempered and whiny.

As the ovum develops, so-called chronic gonadotropin affects the female body. Its production is programmed by nature for the purpose of functional reorganization of the ovaries and the normal development of the fetus. It is under the action of chorionic gonadotropin that the ovaries begin the synthesis of the hormone estrogen.

Since the formation of the placenta, the hormonal background of the expectant mother is affected by another hormone somatotropin. By analogy with the above hormones, somatotropin is produced to ensure the normal development of the unborn child. In addition, under the action of the above hormones is the preparation of the female body to the process of delivery and natural feeding.

Clinical picture

In order to timely recognize dyshormonal disorders in the body of the woman, you need to familiarize yourself with the characteristic manifestations of this condition.

  • Violation of the act of falling asleep, even insomnia,
  • Mood swings,
  • The emergence of new pigment spots on the surface of the skin,
  • Emotional disorders, accompanied by a constant desire to cry,
  • Guilt in front of loved ones and family
  • The change in blood pressure in the direction of increasing or decreasing,
  • Painful and heavy menstruation
  • Uncontrolled emotional outbursts, accompanied by a feeling of aggression,
  • Discomfort and pain during intimacy,
  • Decreased production or the complete absence of breast milk,
  • Uncontrolled growth of body hair, as well as hair loss on the head.

In addition, in the body of a woman physiological changes are formed, indicating dishormonal disorders:

  1. Weight gain This manifestation of hormonal imbalance is not uncommon for young mothers. Attempts to return to the previous form will not be crowned with success, since the balance of the main hormones in the body of a young mother does not meet the physiological norm. In this matter, the woman will not help a strict diet, or increased physical exertion. On the contrary, excessive body overload and exhaustion lead to beriberi, chronic irritability and fatigue,
  2. Decreased libido. Reduction of sexual desire in the postpartum period is most often regarded as a consequence of chronic fatigue and lack of sleep. This factor entails not only mental and physical discomfort in a woman, but also problems in the marital relationship. Only timely correction of hormonal background can completely eliminate this problem.
  3. Painful and heavy menstruation. Hormonal imbalance leads to disruption of the menstrual activity in the female body. Very often, young mothers note copious and painful menstruation, which can worsen the quality of life,
  4. The formation of age spots and acne. If the female body in the postpartum period is in a confused position, then there may be problems associated with impaired metabolic processes in the skin and appendages.

Normalization of hormonal background in the postpartum period requires several months. And if after 3 months the condition of the young mother has not improved, then she needs to seek medical advice in order to undergo a comprehensive examination and medical support of the body.

For advice on correcting dyshormonal disorders in the postpartum period, consult a qualified medical professional. In order to determine the ratio of hormones in the body of a young mother, a laboratory study is conducted.

To answer the question about how to restore hormonal balance in the body of a young mother, medical professionals need to determine the key cause of this condition. During a medical consultation, the doctor finds out information regarding lifestyle and the nature of associated diseases. In the case of diagnosing dyshormonal disorders, the medical specialist is determined with the treatment tactics, which includes taking medications that normalize the balance of the main hormones in the woman's body.

Causes of hormonal imbalance after childbirth

Violations can occur not only during cesarean section, pathological pregnancy and childbirth, chronic diseases, but also as a result of physiological characteristics. In this regard, to achieve normal levels of hormones will have to wait for some time. Recovery process is delayed due to several factors:

  • lack of production of female breast milk,
  • poor diet
  • physical, mental, emotional load,
  • lack of activity after childbirth,
  • stress, postpartum depression, excessive worries,
  • abuse of certain groups of drugs
  • presence of bad habits
  • adverse environmental factors.

Hormonal background after childbirth is sure to normalize, but in the case of aggravating circumstances, it happens more slowly than during normal health.

Symptoms of hormonal disorders

The birth of a child, as a rule, dictates to the representative of the fair sex new conditions of life, so she is tired of being used to it. Because of this, the general well-being is changing. A serious call indicating problems is a sharp increase in blood pressure (jumps), dizziness, swelling. There are a number of signs suggesting that something goes wrong in the body and that hormones “work” incorrectly:

  1. Excessive fatigue, permanent depressive state, tearfulness, aggressiveness (such states are generated by the production of high levels of estrogen and a sharp decrease in it).
  2. Insomnia, frequent waking from sleep (usually this condition is triggered by a sharp decrease in the amount of progesterone responsible for relaxation).
  3. Difficulties with breastfeeding. Lack of milk secreted or refusal to feed a child can be caused by an excess of the norm of prolactin and vice versa - an indicator below the norm.
  4. Increased sweating, feverish state, sensation of heat, increase in body temperature.
  5. Sharp weight fluctuations (heavy weight loss or vice versa).
  6. Hair loss, the appearance of skin rashes, problems with the state of the teeth.
  7. Menstruation is irregular, the cycle is constantly disturbed, and the process itself is painful and can last more than a week.
  8. Painful sensations while making love.

If you have at least 2-3 signs, you should urgently seek help from a qualified medical professional. After all, the sooner you make a visit to an endocrinologist, the greater the likelihood of a successful outcome of the treatment process.

Features of recovery activities

During lactation, the oocytes in the follicles do not mature due to the increased level of prolactin, the overwhelming influence of the "pregnancy hormone". Only after the full completion of this period can we expect a full recovery of the menstrual cycle. Restructuring in hormonal terms, the resumption of the menstruation cycle - all this has a direct relationship with the lactation process.

As soon as the menstrual cycle after childbirth is normalized, we can safely talk about the fact that hormones have fully recovered.

Are there ways to treat hormonal failure, and what are they?

In order to clarify the diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo a preliminary examination, which will allow to find out the causal factors that provoked a failure. Several specialists (a gynecologist, a general practitioner, an endocrinologist) are engaged in rehabilitation activities, and their consultations alternate. In the case of unquestioning compliance with the recommendations, you can quickly achieve the restoration of hormonal levels. Consider different methods of treatment.

Drug therapy tactics

Doctors competent in one area or another prescribe a complex of drugs that will help stabilize the hormones. The basis for deciding on the method of treatment are the results of laboratory tests and individual characteristics of the organism. Among the most common medicines for general treatment are:

All these drugs help to ensure that hormones after birth return to normal as soon as possible. But you should use the above means only after consulting with a specialist, because there may be contraindications and restrictions to their use.

Traditional methods of treatment

Among the folk methods can be identified a lot of effective formulations. It is best to cope with the disease help natural herbal teas. For their preparation, a teaspoon of raw material for 1/2 l of water is taken, everything is mixed, and then cooked over low heat until boiling and plus another 5-10 minutes. Among the most popular folk remedies are the following:

Due to the presence in the composition of medicinal components, these plants effectively help restore hormone levels. Their action consists in the following aspects:

  1. fight with a lack of estrogen - the main female hormone,
  2. activation of prolactin production,
  3. normalization of general health, elimination of symptoms.

The use of absolutely every folk remedy must be coordinated with the attending specialist.

Peculiarities of proper nutrition after childbirth

In order to restore the hormones after childbirth as quickly as possible, it is necessary to pay attention to the principles of a balanced diet. The diet of the new mummy must necessarily include the following products:

  • sea ​​fish,
  • oils of vegetable origin
  • nuts and seeds,
  • meat (chicken, beef),
  • chicken eggs,
  • hard cheeses,
  • tomatoes,
  • dates,
  • bananas.

All of these products act as indispensable sources of beneficial substances.

The birth of a child opens the mother a new world, which, unfortunately, is devoid of certain pleasures. Therefore, reviewing your diet, you should refrain from eating:

  • strong tea and coffee,
  • yeast baking,
  • sugar and sweets
  • smoked meat
  • animal fats,
  • soda, energy drinks, and also alcohol.

Remember that each female body has individual characteristics, therefore, requires a personal approach, especially when getting rid of certain ailments.

What conclusion can be made

Hormonal background after childbirth is subject to major changes. This is provoked by the colossal influence of various external and internal factors, and this condition is accompanied by a rather pronounced symptomatology. If there are at least a few signs of hormonal disorders, it is necessary to urgently seek help from doctors who can diagnose promptly and recommend effective remedial measures.

The combination of proven medications taken by prescription with medicinal plant crops and proper nutrition will lead you to the desired result very quickly and help you recover quickly after childbirth. And you can know the happiness of motherhood without ailments.

Causes of hormonal disruption after childbirth

It is clear that even the birth itself is the cause of impaired hormonal levels. The following factors delay its recovery after childbirth:

  • затяжные, трудные роды с осложнениями,
  • отсутствие грудного молока,
  • различные заболевания в первые месяцы после рождения малыша,
  • стрессы и переживания в этот период,
  • the use of potent drugs (including hormonal contraceptives),
  • unhealthy diet, untimely diets,
  • alcohol and cigarette abuse.

After labor, the body is very difficult to recover alone. He needs some help from the woman herself. If she too quickly returned to her previous lifestyle (she started smoking again, quit breastfeeding, went straight to work, etc.), the hormonal background could not be so drastically adjusted, hormone production would be disturbed - the woman’s well-being would deteriorate instead of the expected improvements.

A completely different picture can lead to such a state, when a woman is too keen on a newborn, gives him a lot of energy, does not sleep at night, does not eat and is nervous over trifles. In such a situation, the mother's organism, which has not yet become stronger, simply does not find the strength to recover - hormonal background suffers.

Symptoms of impaired hormonal levels

To recognize these disorders, 3-4 months after giving birth, you need to analyze your physical, mental and emotional state and draw the appropriate conclusions. Usually the woman herself will be able to recognize the main symptoms of hormonal disruption during this period:

  • mood swings, emotional instability,
  • nervousness, the desire to constantly cry, irritability, outbreaks of aggression,
  • guilt feelings, bad thoughts (I'm a bad mother and others), suspicion, suspiciousness,
  • depressed mood
  • breastfeeding problems: lack of milk, unwillingness to breastfeed,
  • intense hair loss
  • too big difference in weight compared to what it was before giving birth, either an excess or a shortage,
  • painful menstruation,
  • rashes and excessive pigmentation on the skin of the face and body,
  • decreased libido: unwillingness to perform marital duty, unpleasant or painful feelings during intercourse.

Postpartum depression can last a month or two, but when it is delayed for a longer period, this indicates that the ratio of estrogen and progesterone (the most important female hormones) is broken and does not correspond to normal indicators.

This is fraught with various consequences for the young mother. First, she risks not feeling the joy of motherhood behind the veil of this depression. Secondly, problems with hormones always entail disruption in the work and other body systems. Therefore, it becomes relevant question how to restore hormonal failure after childbirth, which will help the doctor to answer.

Treatment of hormonal imbalance

The therapist or gynecologist to clarify and confirm the diagnosis will prescribe urine and blood tests for hormones to determine what level of the nominal hormone will need to lead to normal. First, it will be necessary to find out the causes of hormonal disruption and, if possible, eliminate them: stop taking the drugs, stop smoking, stop nervous, etc. Secondly, medications are prescribed to restore the balance of hormones and stimulate their production.

1. Medications:

  • antilipid tea,
  • biocalcium
  • cellulose,
  • cordyceps,
  • biozinc,
  • cyclodinone,
  • esstrinol.

Independently, without a doctor's prescription, you can not drink any drugs from this series, as the doctor selects them for individual indicators and test results. With self-treatment, a woman’s condition can only worsen.

The effectiveness of drug therapy can be enhanced by consulting a psychologist or psychotherapist specializing in postpartum depression. At home, with the permission of the doctor, you can use the treatment of folk remedies.

2. Folk remedies

If the problem with the production of estrogen, you need to drink the infusion of sage from 6 to 15 day of the menstrual cycle. A tablespoon of dry raw materials pour a glass of boiling water, insist half an hour, strain, drink 100 ml before meals three times a day.

  • Goose cinquefoil

For intensive production of progesterone you need to drink an infusion of goose Potentilla from the 16th to the 25th day of the cycle. A tablespoon of dry raw materials pour a glass of boiling water, insist half an hour, strain, drink 100 ml before meals three times a day.

It helps produce female hormones, regulates the menstrual cycle. Dry grass, chop and brew 2 table. l a glass of boiling water. Drink warm twice a day before meals, 150 ml.

It is a powerful phytoestrogen. Brew it to a thermos: table. l mix with a glass of water, leave for 8 hours. Drink before a meal twice a day, 150 ml.

Despite the effectiveness of many folk remedies, it’s still possible to fully and correctly answer the question of how to treat hormonal failure after delivery, only a professional doctor can answer. Without consultation with a doctor it is better not to risk your own health and the health of your baby and not to be treated with artisanal methods. But the harmonious combination of medicinal and folk remedies with the permission of a doctor can speed up the process of restoring hormonal levels and return the woman to normal life.

As you know, dozens of different hormones are produced by special glands or specific cells of the body - for example, the thyroid and parathyroid glands, the pituitary gland, the genitals, the adrenal glands, etc. With the bloodstream, hormones are spread throughout the body. The level of hormones can fluctuate within a certain norm, but when these indicators go beyond the lower or upper limit, it can be immediately felt.

It's no secret that during pregnancy, the hormones of a woman change, and this is quite natural. After the birth of the child, the “reverse process” should occur, and the hormonal background should return to normal. However, he will be able to fully normalize only after a woman stops breastfeeding, because the intensity of other hormones depends on the level of prolactin (the hormone responsible for production and quantity of milk). After the woman has finished breastfeeding, the level of prolactin is reduced, and the body begins to produce progesterone and estrogen - hormones, on which the menstrual cycle depends. That is, the body returns to its main task - the ability to reproduce offspring.

The level of prolactin in the body of a pregnant woman increases gradually throughout pregnancy. And therefore, by the time the child is born, the body is completely ready to produce milk. Accordingly, ending the lactation period, a woman should take care to gradually reduce the concentration of prolactin.

Normally, Mommy's hormones are restored within 1-2 months after the end of the lactation period, but in some cases, menstruation can resume even during breastfeeding. However, “normal” is not always obtained, because the production of hormones is a rather delicate mechanism, and it depends on many factors:

  • the regime of the day of the woman - from the possibility of her full rest (or constant lack of sleep),
  • ration of its nutrition during breastfeeding and after its completion (it should not change drastically and drastically, it should contain all the components and trace elements necessary for recovery),
  • psycho-emotional state of mommy,
  • how the childbirth proceeded (as far as they were light or pathological),
  • whether the woman had viral diseases during pregnancy and breastfeeding,
  • ecological situation in the place of residence.

And that's not all factors that can affect the normal recovery of hormonal levels after childbirth. But the ones listed above - the most common reasons - are quite enough to see that hormonal disruptions in the postpartum period are not uncommon, and this may affect almost all the life processes of a woman (in particular, her sex life).

How to determine whether there is a violation of the hormonal background?

The appearance of the crumbs in the family dictates a number of new conditions for the woman and, of course, at the same time, the young mommy begins to experience overloads and gets very tired, her mood and mood can change dramatically. But at the same time, it is worth guarding if her blood pressure jumps, dizziness often occurs, edema appears. Often, pregnancy and childbirth are the “trigger” of various endocrine diseases.

There are a number of signs indicating the presence of hormonal disruption in the body:

  • fatigue, frequent depression, tearfulness or "unmotivated" manifestations of aggression. This may be caused by low levels of estrogen - the hormone of youth and positive mood,
  • insomnia (or short, disturbing, with frequent waking sleep) - may be associated with a sharp drop in progesterone level, because it is responsible for relaxation, and when it is not enough - we experience overexcitement,
  • problems with breastfeeding: lack of milk or refusal to feed the baby or sudden flushes of milk may be due to insufficient or excessive levels of prolactin,
  • excessive sweating
  • rapid gain (obesity) or weight loss with normal nutrition - thyroid hormones may be the “culprits”
  • hair loss, rash on the skin, problems with teeth,
  • irregular, painful, too heavy periods of menstruation lasting longer than 7 days,
  • pain during intercourse.

The appearance of the above symptoms indicates the need for specialist consultation, and the sooner a woman turns to an endocrinologist, the sooner serious consequences can be prevented.

To determine the level of hormonal levels it will be necessary to pass a blood test for hormones. According to the results of the analysis, the doctor will be able to determine the general well-being of the woman, the state of her organs and systems. At the same time, not every woman, when detecting any abnormalities, is immediately prescribed hormonal drugs, because in most cases it is possible to adjust the hormonal background without special medications.

What can help restore hormones?

Listing the main reasons that can affect the normal recovery of hormonal levels during the completion of lactation, we have already mentioned that women should not drastically change their eating habits and lifestyle. You need at least some more time to relax, to be in the fresh air, as well as to fully and properly eat.

No matter how strange it sounds, sometimes nutrition can play a cruel joke in normalizing hormonal background: when hormones are ready to be produced, but they lack some elements (for example, protein, iodine, iron), there is no “building material”. And in such cases, in order to normalize the hormonal background, it is enough only to adjust the diet:

  1. Normalize the synthesis of sex hormones will help foods high in cholesterol and rich in Omega-3 acids: olive and linseed oil, nuts, sea fish.
  2. Restore interest in life and gain a sense of happiness will help the hormone of joy - serotonin, which is contained in black chocolate, but you can not eat it much (and in the first months after birth, it is better to abstain altogether), so as not to cause allergies in the baby who is breastfed.
  3. The production of endorphins will help products containing tryptophan and L-phenylalanine: meat (turkey, beef, young chicken), eggs, tomatoes, bananas and pineapples, dates, unsalted varieties of hard cheese. In addition, you should:
  • consume more fruits and vegetables - they have a lot of vitamins,
  • consume more products containing iodine, as many moms have a deficiency of this element,
  • limit coffee and strong tea
  • limit yeast baking and sugar,
  • give up bad habits (smoking, drinking energy and alcohol).

When to expect menstruation recovery?

The recovery rate of menstruation depends on the hormonal levels, and it is closely associated with lactation:

  • If the woman who gave birth does not breastfeed at all, ovulation is restored approximately 10-12 weeks after delivery.
  • If a woman has a shortage of milk or for some reason, the child is from birth on a mixed diet, then recovery of menstruation should be expected for 3-4 months after birth.
  • If a baby is started to be fed, the need for breast milk is reduced, and in this case the menstrual cycle can be restored even before the end of the lactation period.
  • If the child is only breastfed or receives breast on demand, then the recovery of menstruation should be expected no earlier than 11-12 months after delivery, that is, approximately to the end of the lactation period. However, even after breastfeeding is completed, it may take from 1-2 months to half a year to restore hormonal levels and resume the menstrual cycle. The restoration of regular “critical days” indicates that the woman’s hormonal organism has completely restructured.

With the onset of menstruation during lactation, in order not to harm the baby, it is not recommended to protect against unwanted pregnancy with hormonal preparations. After the completion of lactation, it is best to use combined oral contraceptives (COCs), which contain estradiol in their composition - a hormone identical to natural estrogen, which is produced by the ovaries of the female body.

You cannot take hormones yourself, but the gynecologist will advise you on which drug to choose after appropriate consultations by an endocrinologist and a breast specialist, because all drugs are divided into groups, providing certain effects on the body. Some of them are used in the treatment of mastopathy and serve to normalize the menstrual cycle or are used as a hormonal contraceptive. Others are used to restore hormonal balance in the body of a woman, while improving her emotional state, well-being and even appearance. Most of these drugs are also contraceptives. However, when choosing a drug, you do not need to rely on the opinions and recommendations of friends or girlfriends (and certainly all sorts of forums), because each woman's body is individual, and what was recommended to your friend may not be suitable for you personally. Which of the drugs is necessary for you - your doctor will decide, but it is possible that you can do without medications.

Nontraditional method of normalizing hormonal levels.

Lithotherapists - stone treatment specialists - claim that stones such as beryl, aventurine and hematite can normalize the hormones of a woman. We are not willing to dispute or support this statement, but the jewelry made of such stones presented to the woman will definitely please the young mommy, adding beauty and good mood to her, and, accordingly, this will have a beneficial effect on her health.

Why after birth hormonal disturbance

Changes in hormonal levels and the menstrual cycle against the background of pregnancy and childbirth are not pathological. Within a few months after the birth of a child, there is a gradual change in the balance of female sex hormones (estrogens, progesterone), androgens and prolactin, which regulate ovarian function, production of breast milk and other physiological processes. The production of oxytocin also plays an important role: when it is insufficiently synthesized, there is a violation of attachment to the newborn and a deterioration in the psychological state of the mother.

Causes of postpartum hormonal failure can be:

  • high risk of spontaneous abortion during pregnancy,
  • premature, rapid and complicated childbirth,
  • cesarean section,
  • postpartum stress
  • severe infectious diseases in the postpartum period,
  • taking some medication (in particular, hormonal) drugs,
  • violation of the production of breast milk,
  • genetic predisposition to hormonal imbalance,
  • manifestation of existing endocrine disorders (diseases of the thyroid and pancreas, adrenal glands, etc.) on the background of pregnancy.

Poor nutrition in the postpartum period, the presence of bad habits, unfavorable psychological conditions, poor ecology and lack of sleep associated with taking care of the newborn aggravate the problem and affect the clinical picture of endocrine disruption.

Hormones and pregnancy

Symptoms of hormonal failure

Signs of hormonal disruption in the postpartum period depend on the level of hormones that are produced in excessive or insufficient quantities. The most common symptoms of pathology are:

  • weight gain or weight loss
  • menstrual irregularities, heavy and painful menstruation,
  • decrease in performance, deterioration of the psychological state of a woman,
  • mood disorders (flashes of aggression, alternating periods of apathy, etc.),
  • decreased libido
  • dizziness
  • puffiness
  • sweating
  • sudden changes in blood pressure, disorders of the cardiovascular system,
  • dissomnia,
  • violation of the phase of deep sleep,
  • alopecia,
  • active hair growth in various parts of the body,
  • dermatological diseases, skin rashes,
  • Breast milk production disorders
  • послеродовая депрессия, отсутствие привязанности к новорожденному и др.

Лишний или недостаточный вес

Underweight or overweight women can be associated not only with changes in diet, but also with hormonal disorders. The following endocrine factors contribute to weight gain:

  1. Increased ghrelin concentration. The balance of ghrelin and leptin regulates hunger and satiety. With intensive ghrelin production or impaired cell sensitivity to leptin, a woman constantly feels hungry and is forced to tightly control her diet in order to slow down her weight gain. Increased ghrelin production can be associated both directly with hormonal imbalances and lack of sleep during the care of the baby: reducing the daily sleep rate to 4-5 hours leads to an increase in ghrelin concentration of 15% and a corresponding decrease in leptin synthesis.
  2. Decreased thyroid hormone production. Pathologies of the thyroid gland, associated with a decrease in the synthesis of iodine-containing hormones T3 and T4 (hypothyroidism), lead to the appearance of edema, slow metabolism and a rapid increase in body weight. On the background of breastfeeding and post-natal hormonal imbalance, many of the characteristic signs of thyroid disease (menstrual disorders, mood changes) may not be noticeable.
  3. Increased cortisol synthesis. Increased appetite with increased ghrelin synthesis is not the only cause of excess weight in young mothers. Lack of sleep, physical and psycho-emotional stress stimulates the production of stress hormone - cortisol, which provokes swelling and accumulation of fat in the abdomen and thighs. Reducing the amount of sleep for 2-3 hours per day leads to an increase in cortisol production by 50%.

Weight loss in the postpartum period is less common than the opposite phenomenon. Weight loss can be caused by elevated levels of leptin or thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). An excess of leptin leads to a loss of sensitivity to hunger. A woman caring for an infant may forget about food in the absence of hunger, which leads to nutritional deficiencies.

With increased production of thyroid hormones, weight loss occurs even if the woman was eating properly and followed a normal sleep pattern.

How to determine the hormonal failure?

Naturally, in the first period after childbirth, hormonal disturbances will be observed in every woman, but after a few months, the young mommy should look at herself, having analyzed her psychological emotional and physical state. It is often possible to determine a hormonal disorder on your own according to the following symptoms:

  • change of mood for no apparent reason
  • frequent nervous breakdowns leading to hysterics, aggression, irritability,
  • a woman can constantly feel guilty towards both the newborn and others,
  • mother becomes suspicious and suspicious
  • bad mood,

  • there are problems with lactation, the milk can disappear or change its taste so much that the child refuses to drink it,
  • hair is frayed
  • a sharp drop in weight, both up and down,
  • severe pain during menstruation,
  • A woman can have pigment spots on the skin, as well as a rash of various origins,
  • decreased libido, loss of desire to perform marital duties, or it happens with severe pain.

Doctors say that if a woman’s hormones do not stabilize on their own within a few months after giving birth, you should seek help from specialists.

Only after passing the tests can we say exactly what the norm of hormones should be. Progesterone must return to the range of 5.4–85 nmol / l, and estradiol in the range of 44–210 pg / ml. This condition indicates a violation of the level of progesterone and estrogen, with the result that the young mom can not feel the joy of motherhood and she can develop severe depression.

ethnoscience

In addition to medicines, doctors encourage the use of traditional methods of treatment in the fight against the hormonal background. Most often, these tools are used as infusions and teas to stabilize the psycho-emotional state. Commonly used are sage, oregano, hops, and goose palm. But, despite the favorable reviews of patients about the treatment of folk remedies, doctors still recommend that the main treatment be carried out with the help of drugs.

In order to stabilize the hormones recommend using all the tools in a complex. In addition, a woman should spend a little time on herself, because after the birth of the child, the focus is on him. A young mother should rest as much as possible, eat right and be as nervous as possible, only in that case she will be calm. To restore its hormonal parameters, some time must pass, which must be spent in peace.

How hormonal changes after childbirth

The labor activity itself is the cause of serious hormonal changes in women in the postpartum period. But besides this, various reasons can prevent a hormonal background from recovering faster:

1. Childbirth, which proceeded hard and as a result complications occurred,
2. Diseases of the newborn in the first months of life,
3. The use of contraceptives on the basis of hormones before pregnancy,
4. The lack of milk in the mother,
5. Stressful situations in the postpartum period
6. Lack of normal nutrition
7. Use during pregnancy of potent drugs
8. Abuse of alcohol and tobacco products.

Hormonal disorders in women after childbirth may not be long enough, this may be due to returning to a past lifestyle with cigarettes and alcohol, early going to work and so on.

Most often, hormonal disorders after childbirth occur due to the abrupt cessation of breastfeeding of a very young child. In this case, the body simply does not have time to reorganize, and a strong deterioration in the condition of the woman comes to replace the restoration and improvement of well-being.

Postpartum hormones can very slowly recover from the reverse situation - when the mother devotes herself to the baby, completely forgetting about her own nutrition and rest. In this case, the body simply cannot recover, it simply does not have where to take power.

Why hormones fail after giving birth

With the birth of the baby, the female body begins to return to the state in which it was before pregnancy. The process even takes normally a lot of time. And with the confluence of adverse factors may be delayed.

Depression and weight gain are common after giving birth.

In this case, hormonal failure begins, the causes of which are:

  • difficult pregnancy
  • childbirth with complications, including - large blood loss,
  • interruptions in breastfeeding,
  • nerve strain
  • rare hours of sleep and rest,
  • bad habits (alcohol, smoking),
  • poor diet, too strict diet,
  • endocrine system diseases
  • infections and weakening of the immune system.

In addition, hormonal imbalance after childbirth is often associated with a cesarean section.

Can hormone failure pass by itself

Since pregnancy and childbirth is a natural process, nature in the female body has the resources to recover from the birth of the baby. The young mother will have to wait at least 4–6 months to stop the hair on her head from falling out. And the weight, depending on the individual characteristics, is normalized only after 1-2 years with a healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition.

Restoration of hormones after birth is a rather long process.

The state of mind also stabilizes only by seven months of the baby’s life. The main thing is that in everyday life of the mother there should be a minimum of negative emotions and physical exertion.

An important role in the restoration of hormonal background and plays a way of feeding the child. If the lactation period ends within a month or two after delivery, then the hormones will return to normal more quickly.

Scientists have found that the hormonal imbalance finally passes two months after the collapse of breastfeeding.

If, after the prescribed period of time, the health problems have not disappeared, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor. The same can be done earlier, especially if the condition worsens markedly every day.

How to understand that hormonal failure has occurred

With the birth of a child, the life of a woman begins to revolve around a new family member, and there is very little time and energy left to keep track of her own health.

Imbalance of hormones after birth causes a bad mood

However, it is impossible to disregard the bad state of health in any case, because on the background of hormonal adjustment, there can be a “launching” of diseases of the internal organs (endocrine, genital).

Symptoms of protracted hormone system disorder in a young mother include:

  • dizziness and migraines,
  • sudden drops in blood pressure
  • sleep problems, frequent insomnia (associated with a decrease in the amount of progesterone),
  • frequent fatigue with an unexpected change in mood (caused by a decrease in estrogen levels).

Externally, postpartum hormonal imbalance is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • weight gain during normal nutrition or rapid weight loss - when the thyroid gland is disturbed,
  • increased hair loss on the head,
  • increased hairiness on the body,
  • increased sweating,
  • the appearance of edema
  • violation of lactation (reducing the amount of milk secretion or sharp flushes) - in this case, the level of prolactin is unstable,
  • pain during menstruation on the background of heavy and prolonged (more than a week) discharge,
  • uncomfortable, painful feelings in the process of intercourse.

When at least two of these signs coincide, the young mother should immediately make an appointment with an endocrinologist and a female doctor.

Bad thoughts and feelings of guilt after giving birth

The birth of a child gives joy and new, vivid emotions. Dad glows with happiness, grandmother vying to want to babysit the baby. And mother, meanwhile, suffers from feelings of guilt and fears for the baby. This happens often among modern women.

Postpartum depression is not uncommon

In this situation, a young mother should remember that such a state is natural, and will soon pass. The main thing - do not focus on negative emotions.

The support of the husband and relatives, help with the housework and care of the baby will play an important role in restoring the balance of the parent.

However, if after 6–8 weeks after returning from the maternity hospital, the depressive state does not end, you need to contact a specialist. After all, the cause of a bad mood can be hormonal failure. The cause of the imbalance is a decrease in the level of the hormone serotonin and a decrease in the production of vitamin D.

Painful menstruation after childbirth

When a woman breastfeeds a newborn, the hormone prolactin is produced in her body. This substance blocks the process of ovulation, and the menstrual cycle stops. As soon as the volume of lactation decreases or breastfeeding stops altogether, menstruation returns to the life of the young mother. However, for many women, the cycle is restored, several weeks after giving birth, regardless of the number of attachments to the baby’s chest.

Recovery of the menstrual cycle after childbirth is painful

It often happens that there is no complete discharge right away. And the condition itself is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen and increased sensitivity of the nipples. Especially if a cesarean section was performed, after which adhesions appeared in the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.

In addition, the nature of menstruation is a type of blood clots and abundant blood loss.

Painful menstruation during lactation is associated with the production of the hormone oxytocin, which causes additional contractions of an already irritated uterus.

If breastfeeding is completed, and menstruation still brings discomfort, you should think about a possible hormonal failure. Indeed, in this case, there may be a pathologically high level of oxytocin, despite the lack of attachment to the chest.

Normally, unpleasant symptoms disappear within one to two months from the moment of recovery of the cycle. Otherwise, it comes to serious diseases (inflammation, fibroids, bend of the uterus) or a new pregnancy.

A call to the doctor should be carried out as soon as possible, since it is impossible to determine the cause of the illness on your own.

Intensive hair loss after childbirth

Due to the hormonal adjustment of the female body, the work of the endocrine glands is disrupted. Including responsible for the density of the hair. The growth of new hair slows down, while existing ones begin to fall out intensively.

Increased hair loss after giving birth awaits many young mothers

The naturalness of this phenomenon is due to the fact that during pregnancy the hair does not fall out at all. Since the body is increasing the amount of growth hormone - estrogen. And with the birth of a child, the excess part of the hair is removed from the head, because the production of the corresponding substance is suppressed by progesterone.

The maximum period of enhanced hair loss is normally 4–6 months from the moment the baby was born. If the hair continues to thin, it means that the level of estrogen in the body of a young mother did not come into balance.

In this case, the appointment of drug treatment.

Diagnosis of hormonal failure after childbirth

In order to understand the reason for the deterioration of health after childbirth, a woman should visit a medical facility.

Only a doctor can identify the cause of a health disorder after childbirth.

First you need to come to the gynecologist and explain the cause of concern. After that, the doctor will refer the patient to narrow specialists. If you suspect a hormonal failure, such will be the endocrinologist.

Further, the young mother will be offered to do several tests, for which you will need to pass urine and blood:

  • TSH analysis - determines the correctness of the thyroid gland,
  • the study of LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) - reveal the overall level of hormonal levels,
  • study of the level of estradiol and prolactin - is prescribed for an irregular menstrual cycle,
  • Estrogens, cortisol and progesterone tests - they are tested for weight loss,
  • analysis of chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) - when there is a delay in menstruation.

Before sending a woman for examination, the gynecologist examines the patient, specifies the day of the cycle and the date of onset of ovulation.

How to restore hormones after childbirth

The period of gestation and childbirth is a natural physiological process for the female body. Despite external well-being, the period of childbirth is a serious burden for the woman's body. During pregnancy, the expectant mother is faced with a radical restructuring of the whole organism, which is due to the maintenance of the viability of the developing fetus.

The decisive factor in the occurrence of physiological changes are hormones, the ratio of which changes during the entire period of pregnancy. If we compare the hormonal balance of a woman on the onset of pregnancy and after, then these figures will be different.

In the postpartum period, a woman cannot count on a lightning-fast recovery of the previous hormonal background, since this process takes a certain amount of time.

Most often, the normalization of the hormonal ratio occurs at the end of the breastfeeding period. The most important hormones for young mothers are estrogen and progesterone.

The ratio of these biologically active substances causes the hormonal well-being of the woman who gave birth.

What causes an imbalance of hormones?

After 3-4 months, the regime of feeding and walking with a newborn acquires its shape, and the woman enters into the usual rhythm of life that she led before the birth.

During this period, she should listen to her body: assess the physical recovery after childbirth, analyze the psychological and emotional state.

If a woman's hormones have not yet recovered, then she will discover the symptoms of her violation.

  • Emotional instability: flashes of aggression, tearfulness, irritability.
  • Psychological symptoms: guilt, suspiciousness, suspicion. She may consider herself a bad mother, blaming her spouse for staying at work and stopping her from helping her. A psychological condition can lead to loss of feelings of motherhood, unwillingness to breastfeed a baby.
  • Disruption of hormonal levels lead to a decrease in libido, depressed mood. During this period, the woman thinks that life is over.
  • The woman will notice the physical symptoms immediately. She can have a significant weight gain, menstrual disorders, pain during menstruation, hair loss on the head, increased hair growth in unwanted places. On the face and body can be rashes, acne.

Нарушение гормонального фона может привести к затяжной послеродовой депрессии, повлиять на правильную работу внутренних органов.

The question of the restoration of hormonal failure should be confronted by a woman after the completion of the lactation period. Very often, a young mother after childbirth ceases to attract attention.

She needs advice from outside and the help of loved ones. Hormonal failure in women after childbirth can lead to the destruction of the family.

Increase or decrease in weight

Depending on what torments a woman, what changes have occurred in her body after the birth of a child, she is prescribed tests for certain hormones. Before proceeding with the examination of the patient, the doctor will recommend the young mother to normalize her daily routine and nutrition, because of these factors may affect hormonal imbalance.

After giving birth, many women gain weight. The diets they use are effective for a short period of time. Training does not bring results. Increased hormone ghrelin production can contribute to obesity. He is responsible for the feeling of hunger. When ghrelin production is high, the woman is constantly hungry, which leads to obesity.

In the postpartum period, women may experience excessive weight loss. She does not experience hunger. The leptin hormone is responsible for feeling full. ” With an excess of leptin, the brain instructs the body not to eat food - not to eat. A woman forgets about food and reduces weight.

The production of ghrelin and leptin may depend not only on hormonal imbalance after childbirth, but also on the woman’s sleep time.

If she sleeps 4-5 hours a day, instead of the prescribed 8-9 hours, this will lead to an increase in ghrelin by 15%. At the same time, leptin will decrease by the same percentage.

Before taking a test for hormones for obesity or weight loss, the doctor-endocrinologist will recommend a woman to normalize her sleep.

Acne on face and body

Women after childbirth often suffer from a rash on the face and body. The endocrinologist will propose to adhere to a certain diet, prescribe an ultrasound of the thyroid gland, pelvic organs and a blood test for hormones.

  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone. He is the first to respond to thyroid dysfunction when outwardly no changes occur, and other tests show no disease.
  • Common hormones T4 and T3. They regulate mental processes in humans, provide a favorable psychological state, control the functions of ZHTT and genital organs.
  • Estrogens promote uniform distribution of subcutaneous fat in the body of a woman, ensure the proper functioning of the sebaceous glands, prepare the female body to bear the fetus.
  • Mineralcorticoid. They are responsible for water-salt metabolism.
  • Glucocorticoids. Regulate metabolic processes of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

The imbalance of these hormones is directly related to acne on the body of a woman. In addition to diet, the doctor will prescribe hormonal drugs.

Alopecia after childbirth

Symptoms of an imbalance of hormonal levels may be associated with a violation of a woman's hair. Hair loss occurs for many reasons:

  • stress,
  • poor nutrition,
  • physical exercise,
  • metabolic disease.

To which doctor to contact if there was such a problem? When alopecia is accompanied by other symptoms: obesity, the appearance of acne, you need to go to the endocrinologist.

He will prescribe an analysis of thyroid hormones, endorphins. It is necessary to apply to the trichologist. The doctor will refer to the analysis of dihydrotestosterone. If its concentration in the blood is high, then the hair follicles die.

Alopecia occurs at 4 months after delivery.

Sometimes women on the contrary appear hair in unwanted places. It is associated with an increase in male hormone. Hair is black and stiff. They grow above the upper lip, on the chin, chest. Beauty salons offer their hair removal services, but they will grow again, if you do not restore the hormones.

Treatment of hormonal failure

It is impossible to restore the hormonal background alone medications. It is necessary to change the whole way of life. A young mother should not be tired, caring for the baby. It is important that she get enough sleep, eat properly and rest.

As a hormonal agent, an endocrinologist, a gynecologist or a trichologist may prescribe:

  • cyclodinone - consists of prutnya fruits, inhibits the activity of prolactin, restores the imbalance of gonadotropic hormones of the pituitary and female genital organs, is prescribed to restore the menstrual cycle, eliminate irritability, headaches before menstruation,
  • estriol - an analogue of the female hormone, used vaginally in violation of the vaginal mucosa, changes in the functions of the urinary tract, which are caused by hormonal disruption,
  • regulon - the main components are desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol, normalizes the menstrual cycle, inhibits the production of prolactin.

To eliminate the symptoms and restore hormonal background will help infusions and decoctions of herbs:

  • sage normalizes the amount of estrogen,
  • gooseweed will increase progesterone production,
  • oregano will promote the formation of female sex hormone, normalizes the monthly cycle,
  • hops is a phytoestrogen.

Independently use hormonal drugs can not. Self-medication can lead to even greater hormone imbalance. Before treatment, it is necessary to undergo an examination, pass tests and follow the recommendations of the treating doctor. Therapy does not eliminate the symptoms of the disease, it is aimed at restoring hormonal levels.

Hormonal failure after childbirth, how to independently suspect the disease

Home ›Health› Causes of hormonal disruption after childbirth and methods of treating pathology

During the childbearing, the body of the future mother undergoes significant changes. The appearance of the woman changes, the breast and abdomen increase, but more important processes occur inside.

These changes are not visible to the eye, but they help the baby to fully develop in the womb.

Today we will talk about hormonal changes and possible complications associated with the restructuring of the body.

What changes happen

In the first months of pregnancy, the body of the future mother begins to increase the production of the hormone progesterone. This hormone is responsible for the full development of the ovum and the growth of the mammary glands. At this time, due to elevated levels of progesterone, a woman can become hot-tempered, tearful, and capricious.

Then a hormone called chorionic gonadotropin comes into play. Its production is necessary for the development of the child and the restructuring of the ovaries. Under the influence of this hormone, the ovaries begin to produce the next substance, estrogen.

After a ten-day gestation period, the placenta is connected to the production of hormones. She also begins to actively produce estrogen and hCG, and is also responsible for the production of somatomammotropin. All these hormones are produced with one goal - to ensure the normal development of the fetus and to prepare the female body for childbirth and lactation.

What happens after giving birth

After the baby is born, the female body no longer needs to produce an increased amount of hormones responsible for the development of the fetus. Their production ceases. Hormonal background is changing. Other hormones are being produced among them, oxytocin, which is designed to bring all organs and tissues to their original state.

During this period, a woman may also experience depression, sadness and apathy. This comes from the next hormonal surge. Ideally, hormones should recover 6 months after the appearance of the baby. However, this process is not always smooth and often a woman may need the help of specialists.

Deviations from the norm

Hormonal failure after childbirth manifests a violation of the ratio of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are responsible for the good physical and mental state of women.

Often a woman herself may suspect that she has had a hormonal failure after delivery, you just need to listen to yourself. Symptoms of a deviation in the ratio of hormones are as follows:

Psychological disorders

  • Emotional surges. Unreasonable mood swings, joy alternating with tears, tearfulness and apathy are the first signs that hormonal disturbances are disturbed.
  • Aggression, alternating with a feeling of uselessness. Unreasonable tears and attempts to justify their behavior by someone else's mistakes. Unreasonable aggravated feelings of guilt. A woman blames herself for being a bad mother and wife. Increased suspicion and suspicion often accompany this symptom.
  • Indifference to the outside world, depression, withdrawal into yourself. These symptoms provoke the development of a depressive state. If you stop yourself in time and understand the true cause of depression, you can treat depression without taking antidepressants.
  • Lactation disorders. Reducing the amount of milk in combination with the reluctance of women to breastfeed can lead to the rejection of breastfeeding. This condition is very dangerous, Vedic woman deliberately deprives the baby of adequate nutrition.

Physiological disorders

  • Brittleness and hair loss. These changes lead to a deterioration of the state of mind, the woman no longer feels as beautiful as before giving birth, which provokes the development of depression.
  • Weight changes. This is probably the most difficult problem for every woman. Excess weight does not rest. First, a young mother begins to exercise, sits on a strict diet, but the weight does not go anywhere. The body is depleted of physical exertion and lack of vitamins reacts with chronic fatigue and irritability. At this point, the woman begins to hate herself, and often subconsciously blames an innocent baby for her problems.
  • Abundant and painful periods. This phenomenon also does not add joy and makes you want to hide, close and just lie down. Caring for a child these days is especially difficult.
  • Acne and pigmentation. Another unpleasant cosmetic problem that delivers a lot of emotions to a young woman.
  • Decreased sexual activity. Women often attribute this problem to fatigue, not a rash and the need for constant care for the baby. However, the lack of libido entails not only discord in the married couple, but also very real health problems in the female genital area.

What to do

Many women ask the question, what to do when hormones are disturbed? The answer in this situation is one - go to the doctor.

After you find out the cause of the true ailments, the doctor will prescribe you medications that stabilize the hormones.

The postpartum period for each woman becomes a serious challenge. In order to identify in time a possible hormonal failure after delivery, you need to carefully monitor your mental and physical condition. If your state of health has not improved seven months after the birth of your baby, donate blood for hormones, perhaps this will help solve many of your problems.

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Treatment of hormonal disorders

To clarify the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes tests for hormone levels, finds out the reasons that provoked the failure. Perhaps the cause of overweight, depression, or feeling unwell is related to a woman’s lifestyle, stressful situation, or other external factors. If the deterioration is due to hormonal disorders, special treatment is provided..

Several specialists, such as a gynecologist, an endocrinologist, and a general practitioner, are engaged in the restoration of hormonal background after birth. Laboratory tests of urine and blood reveal a hormone whose level must be regulated. With timely access to specialists, strict implementation of their recommendations, the concentration and ratio of hormones is restored.

Medication

The doctor endocrinologist (therapist, gynecologist) prescribes drugs to stabilize the hormonal balance based on laboratory tests and individual characteristics. Among the drugs for the treatment of postpartum hormonal disorders:

  • Esstrinol,
  • Cordyceps,
  • Cyclodinone,
  • Biozinc
  • Biocalcium,
  • Antilipid tea,
  • Cellulose.

Folk methods

Hormonal background in the postpartum period is normalized with the use of decoctions:

The active substances of these plants help the body cope with a lack of estrogen. During breastfeeding, they activate the production of prolactin. Use of medicinal herbs should be coordinated with the doctor.

To stabilize the condition of the woman, after childbirth, products will help:

  • sea ​​fish, black cumin seed oil, olive, flaxseed, nuts (rich in healthy omega-3 fatty acids and cholesterol, necessary for the synthesis of sex hormones),
  • chicken meat, turkey, beef, egg, hard cheese, tomatoes, bananas, dates (amino acid sources of tryptophan, phenylalanine, which are important for the synthesis of endorphins and the stabilization of the emotional state).

External and internal factors cause hormonal failure after childbirth. This condition has severe symptoms. When they appear, it is necessary to seek the help of specialists to clarify the diagnosis and provide adequate treatment.

Medicines, medicinal plants, proper nutrition, adherence to the daily regimen will help recover from childbirth.

Restoration of hormones after childbirth

Despite the fact that pregnancy is considered a natural process in the life of a woman, it is still an essential shock for the body. For 9 months, changes occur daily in the body, which do not always have a positive effect on the condition of the woman. The female body has to again restore the previous course of work of vital processes.

Such changes significantly affect the hormonal background of women.

Despite the fact that during pregnancy there are cardinal changes in the hormonal background, already in the first weeks after birth a woman recovers independently.

But not always natural recovery occurs, as planned by nature. Often, hormones can return to normal for several months, or even six months. It should take into account the individual feature.

In some cases, a woman has to turn to specialists for help, as well as undergo a course of hormonal therapy prescribed by doctors. A woman can have not only hormonal imbalance, but also hormonal failure.

Hormonal failure is characterized as a condition during which the ratio of the main female hormones does not meet the norms, regardless of which way the failure occurred, to increase or decrease the level of estrogen and progesterone.

How to normalize the hormonal background of a young mother after giving birth for 1 month

A pregnant woman can be seen immediately - a rounded face, swollen lips and a happy glint in her eyes. Changes in the hormonal background begins with the first day of fertilization of the egg and lasts for the entire pregnancy.

  • In the ovaries, the female hormone estrogen, progesterone and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are produced.
  • Starting from week 16, the placenta produces the necessary amount of hormones for carrying a fetus.
  • In the third semester, women accumulate hormones responsible for childbirth: oxytocin, estradiol, testosterone (increases 3 times).

After giving birth, the woman's body undergoes tremendous stress, and again the restructuring of the hormonal background. Now the substances responsible for pregnancy are reduced in quantity, but hormones are produced that are responsible for lactation.

And so, after such a crazy work of the organism, Mom should return to the family and continue happy family everyday life with a baby in her arms. But it does not always work out smoothly.

Not all moms are able to immediately switch and tune in to a new lifestyle. For the first 2 months, the young mommy doesn’t hear her body at all, she tunes in to the rhythm of caring for a newborn.

And many do not even think that it is time to take a closer look at yourself and learn how to normalize the hormonal background.

There are some signs indicating that a hormonal failure has occurred in the body:

  1. Mood changes, frequent depression, tearfulness, aggression.
  2. Problems with breastfeeding, lack of milk, a possible failure of the baby to feed.
  3. Painful recovery of the menstrual cycle.
  4. Skin rashes, hair loss, problems with teeth.
  5. Quick weight gain.
  6. Painful sensations during sexual intercourse.
  7. Fast fatiguability
  8. Excessive sweating.

The wife after childbirth is a fragile chamomile, which should be better preserved and cared for. Therefore, dad, be patient: perhaps now your participation will greatly help your half to recover faster!

What will help to normalize the hormonal background?

A tired wife with a screaming baby in her arms is not a reason to clutch her head and think about the worst. This is normal, but mom needs rest. To do this, take a stroller and go to the park with my son or daughter, and spend time with benefits.

Hormonal failure is difficult to determine if the woman herself does not want to adjust her life rhythm. Constant depressing state affects not only the baby, but also the relationship with her husband.

Кормящая мама в депрессивном, подавленном состоянии, которая часто плачет, чувствует вину, злится на весь мир, передает весь негатив крохе. Малыш в свою очередь, насытившись молоком от плачущей кормилицы, сам пускается в плачь, и вот, еще одна бессонная ночь для всей семьи обеспечена!

Hormones are able to accumulate when using certain foods. But nursing mommy can not eat everything, so as not to harm the crumbs. Let's look at the safest diet that will help you find joy and tranquility.

Normalize the synthesis of sex hormones helps cholesterol.

Cholesterol produces liver from polyunsaturated fatty acids. Eating foods rich in Omega-3 leads to the prevention of the body from many serious diseases and normalizes the hormones of a woman.

The best foods rich in Omega-3 fats are:

  • olive and flaxseed oil,
  • nuts,
  • sea ​​fish.

The action of serotonin - the hormone of joy, will help to find a feeling of happiness, satisfaction and renewed interest in life

In a nursing mommy, this hormone may be deficient in lack of sleep, fatigue, and endless nervous shocks. The most powerful product that releases endorphins (responsible for positive emotions) is dark chocolate. But this product can not be eaten in the first months of breastfeeding, so as not to cause allergic reactions in crumbs.

Products containing tryptophan and L-phenylalanine, which are responsible for the production of endorphins:

  • turkey
  • young chicken meat
  • beef
  • eggs
  • hard unsalted cheeses
  • tomatoes
  • bananas
  • dates

Include these products in the daily diet of a nursing mother, and within a month depression will disappear, and nervous breakdowns will decrease. Reduce serotonin levels in the body:

  • yeast products
  • large amounts of sugar
  • alcohol,
  • smoking,
  • energy drinks.
  • Close effect of prolactin - a hormone responsible for the production of milk, will help close contact with the crumbs.

A lot of articles have been written about tips that will help establish the process of breastfeeding, the main thing in this amazing process is the contact between mother and baby. The little man is already familiar with Mom and feels her like no other.

While sucking milk, the pituitary gland produces oxytocin, which contributes to uterine contraction and milk production.

The more often your baby will suck the breast, and the mother will enjoy the process, the faster the hormonal recovery will be.

How to determine whether there are violations in the hormonal background of the body?

First, you should watch the state of health and mood. It is clear that a young mother in the first year of a child’s life is very tired and overloaded. But nevertheless, it is worthwhile to be on guard, if your blood pressure jumps, often you feel dizzy, puffy, constant insomnia.

Secondly, about hormonal failure indicates obesity or heavy weight loss during normal diet.

Menstruation is one of the most significant signs of women's health. Too abundant, lasting longer than 7 days, painful - all this with a high degree of probability indicates a failure of the hormones.

Having found these signs in yourself, it is not worth while to go to the doctor. The earlier treatment is started, the more serious the consequences can be prevented.

Of course, the most correct way to find out whether hormonal background is in order is to make a special analysis (donate blood). With this study, the doctor will determine your overall health, as well as the condition of the major organs and systems. Indeed, during the analysis a sufficiently large number of parameters are investigated.

Some women worry that a doctor will prescribe hormonal medications for them according to test results. We hasten to assure that this is not always the case. First, the doctor will never prescribe such drugs without good reason. Secondly, it is possible to adjust a hormonal background and without special medicines. Thirdly, this analysis is very indicative.

Therefore it is worth making! At least in order to understand: your irritability is not a bad trait of character, but an organism’s cry for help

You can help yourself if you use more vitamins, limit coffee, cigarettes, rest as much as possible.

Postpartum depression Why is postpartum depression? Childbirth by itself does not cause depression - it is provoked by stressful factors. How to cope with depression?

Postpartum fatigue Most young mothers feel tired and exhausted after giving birth. How can mom relax?

Family relationships Psychological difficulties. How to overcome a family crisis after the birth of a child?

Age spots on the skin Why do they appear and how to remove age spots?

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All about restoring the body after the birth

Numerous books for young mothers tell how to properly care for a newborn, but they don’t say a word about how a woman can get in shape after giving birth. But recovery after childbirth is an important process on which the well-being and health of the newly-born woman depends. How to quickly get into the usual rhythm of life?

Recovery of the female body

The biggest changes are happening in the reproductive sphere. Immediately after the birth of the baby, the uterus is reduced and reduced in size. Recovery of the uterus after childbirth lasts 42 days, after which it acquires its usual weight. All this time, a woman may feel nagging pain in the lower abdomen. After a complete reduction of the uterus, all the discomfort will go away by itself without treatment.

The entire postpartum period lasts 6 weeks. At this time, blood clots gradually leave the uterus, the rejection of its inner layer occurs. During this period, abundant and then moderate bleeding from the vagina (lochia) will go first. If lochia persists 42 days after the birth of a child, you should definitely see a doctor.

The cervix also returns to its normal state, but this process is much slower. In the postpartum period, it is just starting to change. Full recovery of the cervix occurs at 12 weeks after delivery. During this time, the neck acquires a cylindrical shape that persists until the end of life.

General tone recovery

To restore the body is of great importance rational nutrition. The diet of nursing moms involves not only restrictions in food, but also the intake of vitamin complexes.

During lactation, you can continue to take vitamins for pregnant women - they contain all the necessary nutrients. Another option is to purchase special vitamins for nursing mothers. Do not forget about the preparations of iron, as well as iodine.

Many complex vitamins already contain these substances in their composition, so in addition they do not need to be taken.

In the summer, you can get vitamins from fresh vegetables and fruits. Preference is given to local products grown on their own garden or purchased on the market. Nursing mothers should be especially careful with exotic fruits - they can cause an allergic reaction in a child.

Recovery of the menstrual cycle

Recovery of menstruation after childbirth is determined by the mode of feeding the child. In women that feed their baby with an artificial mixture from birth, the return to the normal cycle occurs after 1.5-2 months.

During this period, hormones return to normal, and gonadotropic hormones start to be produced again. The ovaries are launched, the egg cell ripens and enters the abdominal cavity.

The earliest recovery cycle is possible 6-8 weeks after delivery.

With breastfeeding, the recovery of the menstrual cycle is postponed for a longer time. On average, women who feed their baby with breast milk, menstruation comes 6 months after birth. These numbers are very approximate.

In some lactating mothers, the recovery of the body after childbirth happens after 3 months, while others have to wait for the normal cycle to return for at least a year.

Each of these options is the norm, provided breastfeeding is maintained.

On the restoration of the cycle a woman finds out only on the onset of menstruation. Here only the first ovulation occurs two weeks before menstruation. During this period, a woman can easily become pregnant. With the return of sex, you should definitely think about reliable contraception for the entire period of lactation and after it.

Restore hormonal levels

Restoration of the menstrual cycle is directly dependent on the level of hormones in the female body. The inevitable decrease in progesterone after pregnancy completes triggers a series of processes that are not always favorable for women.

Many young mothers after childbirth have sharp mood swings. Some women note a constant longing, others simply do not find the strength to do some work. Insomnia is a frequent problem of this period.

All this is due to sharp fluctuations in hormone levels and is considered normal in the postpartum period.

Breast recovery

The mammary glands are subject to maximum changes after delivery. In the postpartum period, they increase in size and are filled with milk. The first three days it will be colostrum, then real milk will replace it. When feeding on demand, milk will come in the right quantity and will be able to provide all the needs of the child over the next 6 months.

Many women who have given birth remain unhappy with their figure. Breast recovery after childbirth occurs rather slowly, and at the same time the mammary glands will never return to their previous form. Hormonal adjustment during pregnancy, feeding the baby during the postpartum period - all this inevitably affects the state of the breast. Is there any way to influence this process?

Medical gymnastics is the safest way to restore the muscles of the chest and abdomen in the postpartum period. Exercises can be started as early as 1.5 months after giving birth at least 3 times a week. Along with training the muscles of the chest, you can do gymnastics for the back and abdominal muscles.

Exercises to strengthen the muscles of the chest and back

  • Stand up straight. Place your palms in front of you at chest level. Press down hard on each other. You can squeeze a tennis ball between your palms - this will make the exercises more effective.
  • Put your fingers in the lock at chest level. With force try to break the lock.
  • Face the wall, lean on it with your hands and press down with all your might.

  • Slowly raise and lower shoulders.
  • Perform circular movements with your hands in different directions.
  • All exercises are performed 8 times. It is best to do gymnastics in the morning, after breakfast. The whole process should be fun. No need to do exercises for the chest through strength, in a bad mood or during illness.

    Figure recovery

    The restoration of the figure after childbirth is a matter that worries every woman. In nursing mothers, provided full and rational nutrition, the recovery of the muscles of the chest, back and abdomen occurs within a year after the birth of the child. In the same period, the weight returns to its original state. Is it possible to speed up this process?

    Experts do not advise to force events and seek to return the figure immediately after childbirth. Nature intended that a woman should have certain reserves of adipose tissue in order to be able to feed her child in any circumstances.

    Attempts to lose weight and restore abdominal muscles immediately after childbirth can lead to disruption of the menstrual cycle and other health problems. Recovery after childbirth should take place slowly and smoothly, in a comfortable rhythm for the woman and without sudden changes.

    Strict diets, heavy exercise at this time are not recommended.

    Exercises to restore abdominal muscles

    • Lie on your back and bend your knees, pressing the waist to the floor. Slowly lift the buttocks, lower back and chest up. Hold the top for 30 seconds.
    • Lie on your back, press your lower back to the floor. Put your hands behind your head. Slowly raise and lower straight legs.

  • Lying on your back, draw the figures on the ceiling with your straight legs, straining your abdominal muscles.
  • Lie on the floor and put your hands behind your head. Slowly sit down, not helping yourself with your hands, and also slowly lower yourself back.

    Recovery after childbirth includes not only exercises for the muscles of the abdomen or chest. To normalize immunity and the menstrual cycle, it is important not to forget about a balanced diet.

    The composition of daily meals should include all the necessary vitamins to ensure the normal functioning of the body. In winter, you can take vitamins designed specifically for women in the postpartum period.

    Psychological recovery

    Exercise helps to return the body to shape and restore the muscles of the chest, back and abdomen. Rational nutrition, vitamins and biological supplements allow you to maintain health and strengthen the immune system. But how to restore the emotional sphere of a woman after the birth of a child?

    Psychological recovery after childbirth is an important stage in the life of every young mother. The following recommendations will help to avoid postpartum depression.

    1. Take time to relax. Allow your spouse and other relatives to help you. Shuffle around the housework if possible.
    2. Take care of yourself. Women who are watching their bodies return to normal faster after childbirth.
    3. Communicate. Go to visit friends, arrange joint walks with children. Find in your city a club of young mothers or organize it yourself.
    4. Do not forget about the hobby. Create for yourself the opportunity to escape from the mother's everyday life and hassle around the baby.
    5. Learn to rationally allocate your time and energy.
    6. Eat well and take vitamins as needed.
    7. Try to do all physical exercises in such a way that it gives pleasure and brings peace of mind. This is a great help to yoga.

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