After 40 years, every woman enters a new stage of life - menopause. At this time, hormonal changes and the extinction of the reproductive function of the body occur. There are negative changes in the work of all systems and organs, which are manifested by the appearance of unpleasant sensations. Dizziness during menopause, weakness, hot flashes and irregular menstruation - these are the main symptoms that indicate the onset of hormonal changes in the body in women. It happens that the symptoms of menopause are so intense that they interfere with the full life of a woman. In such situations, seek the assistance of a doctor who will determine the causes and prescribe the appropriate treatment. More about all this - further in the article.
Causes of vertigo
The change in the state of health of women during menopause is due to a serious hormonal alteration. The body begins to lack estrogen and progesterone hormones. The first hormone is responsible for the work of the brain, and the second affects the emotional state. In addition, these substances control reproductive capabilities and participate in metabolic processes.
Lack of hormones in the body of women affects the functioning of the vascular and cardiac systems, and also leads to a lack of oxygen in the tissues. This provokes dizziness with menopause.
Other signs that explain the negative symptoms in women during menopause are: stress, chronic fatigue or extreme emotional stress, bad habits (smoking or alcohol), the presence of concomitant diseases such as neuralgia, osteochondrosis, diabetes, stroke or neurosis.
When dizziness becomes intense and the symptoms of menopause are pronounced, you should seek help from specialists, as hormonal or other treatments may be required. Self-treatment in such cases often leads to disruption of the body systems.
Diagnosing a problem
To determine the causes of dizziness in women during menopause, a thorough study of the condition of the body is carried out. To make an accurate diagnosis, without which further treatment is impossible, doctors take into account the signs and use modern methods of research. These include blood samples for the following indicators:
- follicle-stimulating hormone level - it increases during menopause in women,
- estradiol level, which decreases,
- luteinizing hormone levels - its indicators will be increased.
It is important to understand that recourse to specialists, additional research and subsequent treatment is necessary only if the vertigo in women is intense. When the symptoms of menopause do not interfere in everyday life, the help of specialists is not required.
Drug treatment of dizziness during menopause
If the symptoms of the approaching menopause in women are pronounced and cause a serious problem, then the doctors use medication. It is important to establish that other diseases do not belong to dizziness. In this case, the treatment will be based on the following methods:
- the appointment of natural anti-menopausal drugs,
- the use of hormone therapy based on the use of female sex hormone analogues of synthetic origin,
- treatment with homeopathic remedies (as part of the plant hormones that resemble female hormones in their structure) - they normalize vegetovascular changes, eliminate mood swings and improve sleep,
- the appointment of drugs that improve blood flow
- taking vitamins, dietary supplements and herbal remedies.
If the symptoms of menopause are complemented by other diseases - then the treatment is supplemented by the intake of specific drugs. These include sedatives, antidepressants, painkillers or antibacterial tablets.
Important: Drug treatment is carried out in conjunction with physiotherapy, hirudotherapy, acupuncture.
Special physical exercises aimed at improving the coordination of movements and stretching of the muscles help relieve the symptoms of dizziness and keep this condition under control. For such cases, suitable methods of yoga.
Methods of traditional medicine
In addition to drug therapy to help eliminate this symptom of menopause, as dizziness, can traditional medicine. The use of herbal decoctions should be systematic. Only in this case, they will act. Time-tested recipes can be prepared independently or purchased at pharmacies ready phyto charges.
For the preparation of infusion, pour 2 tablespoons of dried sage (dried on its own or purchased at a pharmacy), boil 500 ml, boil for 2 minutes and infuse for 15 minutes. The resulting infusion is taken before meals throughout the day on a tablespoon.
A glass of dry hawthorn fruit poured a glass of vodka and insist in a dark place for 3 weeks. The resulting tincture is taken in a tablespoon 3 times a day.
The composition of the grass red brush includes natural phytohormones useful trace elements that normalize hormonal levels. To prepare the infusion you need to chop the roots of the herb, add water and bring to a boil. Then let stand for 1 hour and strain. Take an infusion of 150 ml. For taste you can add honey, jam or jam. The course of treatment is a month.
During menopause, the symptoms of dizziness are controlled by changing the rhythm of life. Correction of nutrition and drinking regime. Diversify your diet with vegetables, dairy products, fruits, legumes, chicken, fish and eggs. Give up coffee and alcohol.
Important: to speed up the metabolic processes and slag removal, it is important to drink at least 2 liters of water.
Pay attention to physical activity. You need to choose those sports where you do not need a sharp change in body position. Swimming, yoga, aqua aerobics, walking or cycling. Spend more time outdoors and get out of town.
Proper nutrition, physical activity and compliance with the prescriptions of the doctor will help the woman to eliminate the symptoms of dizziness, remaining young and healthy for many years.
Why do dizziness appear during menopause?
Many factors can cause them, especially this change in blood pressure, a drop in blood sugar levels and viral infections.
When menopause occurs, a woman may feel anxious, pain in the head, hyperventilation and panic - they cause dizziness. Many women are afraid to go out in order not to collapse or lose balance.
At the moment, the female body loses the hormones of estrogen and progesterone, so after analyzing the level of these hormones, you need to start checking if you have complaints about dizziness. Estrogen is able to affect the work of the brain, with its lack of brain processes weaken and dizziness occurs. Progesterone is able to be synthesized in the brain, and if its level decreases, there will be an imbalance of emotional balance.
Some women are on a strict diet because they are afraid to get better. They eat little, so often there are bouts of dizziness and reduced strength. This also applies to inadequate water intake.
What to do if dizzy?
Certain signs of dizziness can be overcome, of course, if you change something in your rhythm of life. For example, if your vascular system weakens due to hormone transformations, and you feel dizzy with a sharp rise, then you should get up slowly and carefully.
Effective ways to combat the disease:
- You should drink more water. Since the dehydration of the body, there is pain in the head, dizziness and fatigue. If you drink 8 cups of water a day, your body will be able to overcome the signs of hormonal transformation.
- Yoga is the best way to enhance the function of balance. Thanks to relaxation and breathing, you can be less anxious. If you are able to relax with such methods, you will be able to control your body and reduce the appearance of some of the symptoms of menopause.
- Since the main cause of dizziness during menopause is hormonal fluctuation, it is possible to overcome them as much as possible, if you adjust the hormonal balance. Sometimes, if you use hormone replacement therapy, you can get rid of dizziness.
- Food is considered the most important aspect in the fight against vertigo. Your body needs to get all the necessary vitamins, minerals and nutrients to get rid of the factors of hormonal fluctuations during menopause. Eat foods that contain a lot of calcium, magnesium and vitamin E: green vegetables and nuts.
- You can strengthen your own body and vestibular apparatus, if you go in for physical activity. Keep up with aerobics, plan jogging, ride a bike and swim. Before bed, it is better not to perform any exercises, as the body will warm up and sweat.
The natural way to get rid of dizziness during menopause is lavender oil, it is used to soak a handkerchief and sniff it out if necessary. Lavender oil has been used for many centuries when fainting occurs. It also has a pleasant smell.
If you mix together pepper, salt, vinegar and mustard in the same proportions and use with water, you can improve blood circulation and balance. If you combine lemon juice, a little bit of salt and black pepper with water and use it, you can get rid of dizziness.
Take 3 large spoons of flour, 10 almond nuts and pumpkin seeds. Mix them and soak for the whole night, in the morning you need to grind them into a paste. Then add a little cloves and boil a lot in the milk. Add sugar to taste. If this tool is applied regularly, you will get an amazing result.
Massage with lavender oil, it will help you to overcome tension and stress and improve blood circulation.
If you make big changes in your diet and your own rhythm of life, then you will be able to overcome dizziness and other indirect results of hormonal balance. It should be remembered that this ailment is considered an ordinary sign of menopause, and if they occur constantly, then this is a symptom of serious problems. Do not ignore these problems, consult your doctor.
Types of dizziness
Dizziness is a subjective term, since it can mean different feelings for different people and is difficult to measure. According to how patients characterize it, it can be divided into three separate categories:
- vertigo - the actual feeling of rotation,
- space instability
- presyncopal (pre-unconscious) state.
Why do frequent dizziness occur in women over 40?
The most common causes of menopause
Dizziness is usually a symptom of hormonal imbalance. A direct survey of patients showed that 48% experienced their first episodes of vertigo after menopause. Of all periods of life, the age of 49-50 years is the most typical for manifestations of vertigo. In aging women, this occurs 2 times more often than in men.
In women, estrogen and progesterone begin to decline before menopause and remain low after menopause, while follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) rises and remains high. Perimenopausal fluctuations in estrogen levels, and not only low estrogen levels, can explain the increased tendency of women 40 to 50 years old.
With artificial menopause, when there is a dramatic change in hormones, all manifestations of pathology more strongly violate the quality of life.
Although hormonal imbalances are the main cause of dizziness during menopause, other problems, such as motion sickness or low blood sugar, can also affect this.
Other typical causes include:
- internal bleeding
- a disease (such as a cold or flu),
- taking some drugs
- anxiety / panic disorder
- unbalanced nutrition
- weakened vestibular apparatus,
- diseases of the head and neck (spine),
- age-related changes in the cerebral vessels (especially in smokers and people with diabetes),
- hypertonic disease,
- hypotonic disease,
- phobias (fears),
- pregnancy (at the early stage of menopause pregnancy is possible),
As already noted, dizziness can sometimes be caused by hormonal changes. Read on to find out the hormonal cause of dizziness.
Hormonal causes of vertigo
Hormones are chemical messengers responsible for regulating bodily fluids, growth, brain function, and sexual reproduction. A shift in the balance of some hormones can cause side effects, including dizziness.
Estrogen. During puberty, pregnancy, the postpartum period and menopause, estrogen levels fluctuate in the body, which sometimes causes dizziness.
Progesterone. It is known that the presence of excess progesterone in the body causes severe dizziness and weakness.
Lifestyle changes or the use of supplements may be necessary to reduce symptoms caused by hormonal imbalances. Before making such changes, it is extremely important to find out the cause of the dizziness.
Hormonal imbalance is one of the main causes throughout a woman’s reproductive life, although fluctuations in hormone levels vary at each stage. For example, the cause during menopause is different from the cause during pregnancy.
There are also specific hormonal causes of the disorder, which differ at each stage of a woman’s reproductive life. These hormonal causes and other factors can affect the woman’s vertigo experience, which is manifested during puberty, pregnancy, the postpartum period and menopause.
Hormonal causes at different stages of a woman’s life
Puberty is the stage when a girl's body begins to produce reproductive hormones, these and other factors, such as poor nutrition and alcohol consumption, can cause dizziness during this time.
Pregnancy leads to extreme changes in the production of reproductive hormones, which, along with other factors such as fatigue or physical changes, can lead to dizziness.
The postpartum period and breastfeeding are another stage when the reproductive hormones are not balanced, which leads to dizziness. In addition, there is still postpartum depression, which can also manifest itself in this way.
Menopause is a stage in a woman’s life when the production of reproductive hormones naturally decreases, signaling that a woman’s fertility has ceased. In addition to hormonal causes, there are other factors of mood swings during menopause.
Although hormonal imbalances are the most common cause of seizures in a woman, this condition can also be caused by something else.
Other less common causes
Other causes of dizziness that are not related to hormonal imbalances include: viral infections, Meniere's disease, low blood pressure, arthritis of the spine or neck, hyperventilation, and alcohol or drug abuse.
This condition may also occur as a result of hormonal imbalance at certain points in a woman’s life, but it may also indicate a more serious condition.
Read on to find out when to seek professional help in cases of vertigo associated with heart attack, stroke, carbon monoxide poisoning and seizures.
Some women are more prone to dizziness than others for various psychological, behavioral and medical reasons.
Health risk factors. In general, women with poor health are more susceptible to this condition than healthy ones. As a result, during menopause, dizziness may be experienced with any of the chronic diseases.
Diabetes. People with diabetes are unable to naturally produce the hormone insulin. Insulin helps regulate the level of glucose in the bloodstream. Therefore, diabetics may experience dizziness when glucose levels in the body are too high or low.
Medications, especially those used to control blood pressure, can cause dizziness. It is important for women to talk with their doctor about the potential side effects of any medications before taking them, and they should definitely discuss any additional medications they take to ensure compatibility of medications.
Other medical conditions. Extreme fatigue, any chronic pain, irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia), Meniere's disease and food intoxication - all these are also possible causes.
Psychological risk factors
Дальнейшие исследования показывают, что существуют психологические условия, которые также являются потенциальными причинами головокружения.
Беспокойство. Women with increased anxiety often spend a disproportionate amount of time on anxiety. Anxiety attacks - panic attacks that cause hyperventilation, can lead to episodes of dizziness.
Stress. Women experiencing chronic stress are also susceptible to hyperventilation, which causes dizziness.
Signs and symptoms
There are various medical symptoms and syndromes in which a woman says “dizzy”. Common symptoms of dizziness:
- feeling of instability or rotation,
- loss of balance
- confusion in the head.
Objective signs. In addition to the subjective symptoms of dizziness, there are also medical indicators - objective symptoms that are not always obvious, but can be evaluated by a doctor or nurse. For example, high or low blood pressure, blood sugar levels, red blood cell and hemoglobin levels, etc.
Estrogen levels. Estrogen jumps during menopause can also cause dizziness.
The time and duration of symptoms. It can be useful to monitor and record attacks of dizziness, including when it happens, how often it happens, as well as food intake and stress levels on that day. This can help establish a trigger factor.
If dizziness is uncontrollable or may be caused by something other than hormones, we advise you to consult a doctor who can perform the tests and treat the specific case correctly. The doctor will perform three procedures to diagnose and detect dizziness: review the patient's medical history, conduct a physical examination and give a psychological assessment. If necessary, additional tests will be conducted.
Most often, the seizures themselves are not life threatening, but in rare cases this can be a sign of a serious illness. Dizziness may cause vomiting, nausea, inability to think clearly, and various other complications.
First aid or even treatment may be required to keep seizures under control. Women should be especially attentive to the physical space around them because of the possibility of falling or fainting, and should not drive a car or drive heavy machinery if there is a chance that an attack will occur.
Mild cases of this condition can be part of the hormonal changes associated with menopause. However, uncontrollable dizziness can seriously affect a woman’s quality of life. Some warning signs must be heeded. Unclear thinking, fatigue, loss of balance, migraines, facial numbness, eye pain, tinnitus and chest pain may be signs of more serious conditions than “just menopause.”
No matter where a woman is when she is dizzy, there are effective ways that she can take advantage. Making changes to everyday life and preventing triggers can greatly affect her condition.
There are three approaches to treatment:
- lifestyle change,
- alternative medicine,
Women are encouraged to start with the first strategy, with a lifestyle change. This is associated with the least risk. Lifestyle change can be important for alleviating vertigo, but it does not affect the root cause, hormonal imbalance. Fortunately, in combination with alternative medicine, lifestyle changes can be quite an effective method.
Changing lifestyle in the fight with vertigo
Lifestyle changes are usually the least expensive and invasive form of treatment, but often associated with self-discipline. Implementing a healthy diet, regular exercise and healthy habits can make a difference.
Keep a diary to track attacks and check trends. Enter the following data: time, duration, activity, preceding dizziness, and any other relevant details.
If changes in lifestyle do not reduce the occurrence, severity or intensity of dizziness, it may be helpful to include alternative treatments in everyday life.
Phytoestrogenic herbal supplements
Many medicinal plants and foods contain plant estrogens - phytoestrogens, which can help relieve dizziness caused by decreased ovarian function and lower own estrogens in a woman's menopausal body. The most studied are the isoflavones, which are commonly found in soy and red clover, wheat germ, flaxseed and hops.
These plants are not recommended for long-term use, because they can reduce the body's ability to produce estrogen naturally. In addition, they are contraindicated for those who have uterine fibroids, endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia, mastopathy, and other hormone-dependent gynecological disorders.
Hormone-regulating herbal supplements
Hormonal regulating dietary supplements (for example, Femwell) are good natural supplements that can be used for a longer period of time because they are dosed.
These supplements can be conditionally considered the safest and most natural way to treat hormonal imbalances, and they can be taken in different periods of a woman’s life.
If lifestyle changes and alternative treatments are not effective for relieving dizziness, you may need to take medication to treat dizziness attacks.
Treatment at the third level is associated with the highest risks, and often with the highest costs. Pharmaceutical treatments should be used only if lifestyle changes in combination with alternative medicine do not reduce dizziness, and they should always be used under medical supervision. Depending on the cause of dizziness, different medicines will be offered for each person.
Anti-vertigo, anti-nausea and antihistamine medications are commonly used. The combination of lifestyle changes, alternative treatments and medication is the most effective solution for extreme cases.
Side effects can occur as a result of taking any medication, regardless of whether they are dispensed at a pharmacy as prescribed by a doctor or without a prescription. It is recommended that all medications be taken under medical supervision.
These three approaches are not mutually exclusive. A woman may use different approaches at different times or any combination of them depending on the duration and severity of the symptoms. Today, women are increasingly finding that treating the symptoms of menopause is best achieved by combining a healthy lifestyle and alternative treatments.