Why do monthly brown smears appear before menstruation


Content of the article:

Every woman who is in a state of reproductive age, goes through a constant cycle of menstruation, which are accompanied by their own, individual symptoms and the appearance of bloody vaginal discharge. But sometimes such spotting may appear not only during menstruation, but also a week before the onset of menstruation.

Often, women do not know the exact cause of the appearance of bloody spotting a week before menstruation and may even be frightened by such unusual symptoms. Then the question arises, what could mean a week before the monthly daub, the appearance of spotting long before the onset of menstruation. Causes of brown secretions can be a whole lot. Often, these symptoms are a consequence of natural processes in the female body, but there is also a certain probability that such a smear a week before menstruation may indicate the development of certain health problems. The article further discusses all the main causes of the appearance of bloody brown discharge a week before the onset of menstruation.

What is daub?

Ointments in gynecology are conventionally called scanty vaginal discharge, poor abundant spotting, which indicate the approach of the beginning of the menstrual cycle, the onset of menstruation in a woman. Daub can be not only absolutely normal symptoms of menstrual development, but also under certain conditions can be signs of the formation of serious pathological diseases, gynecological diseases, hormonal malfunction and many other problems. That is why doctors recommend more attentive to such symptoms and in case of suspicion of a problem, immediately contact your gynecologist for help.

Natural causes of daub a week before menstruation

Very often a woman may think that the appearance of scanty discharge before menstruation, even in the case of brown bloody discharge, are signs of the development of a gynecological disease, the cause of the development of the inflammatory process in the region of the internal genital organs. But, as a rule, if a woman has a scanty brownish bloody discharge a week before the onset of menstruation, this is not a sign of the development of pathology, but may be due to the aging of uterine cells.

Often, blood, or rather a small amount of it (a drop or a couple of drops of blood) that enter the vagina, can stain the discharge of a natural color with a bloody, brown, bloody hue. The reason for the appearance of brown smears, scanty bloody discharge a week before the start of menstruation may be that the dead cells from the uterus can enter the vagina and paint the natural, normal color of a brownish, red color there. Do not worry if such a bleeding from the vagina appeared once or several times. Anxiety can be justified in the case when such a daub in the week before menstruation appears frequently, periodically. Abundant bloody discharge from the vagina can be considered dangerous during menstruation, or if a brown daub appears with abdominal pain, when the lower abdomen hurts and pulls. Also useful may be the article: the causes of brown discharge during menopause, the causes of bloody discharge from the vagina during menopause.

Dangerous causes of spotting before menstruation

If a woman periodically appears daub before menstruation, if there are abundant spotting vaginal discharge, such symptoms may indicate the development of certain health problems.

The most common causes of daubing before menstruation are the consequences of the use of hormonal oral contraceptives (OC), hormonal contraceptive pills. As you know, hormonal contraceptive drugs contain synthetic female sex hormones that can affect the female body in different ways. If a woman has just started taking birth control pills, if she takes hormonal oral contraceptives only for the first month, then such scanty brown vaginal discharge may be due to the peculiarity of the action of this type of contraceptive. In this case, you should not panic, especially if the problem appeared once or twice. Abundant bleeding or frequent recurrence of daub a week before menstruation can be considered a problem. In this case, an appeal to a gynecologist for advice is a must.

When using hormonal OK (birth control pills), you should know that about every third woman who uses this method of contraception, may appear bloody bleeding brown one week before the onset of menstruation. Especially often these symptoms appear when changing the pill to another type of oral contraceptives, and the appearance of daubs before the beginning of menstruation passes after a couple of months of applying OK.

Endometriosis, as the cause of spotting up to menstruation, is a consequence of the development of the inflammatory process in the area of ​​the endometrial layer of the uterus. One of the symptoms of its manifestation, the most visible externally, is the appearance of bleeding from the period before the onset of menstruation.

Uterine polyps are often accompanied by the appearance of daubs before menstruation. Such a painful process is the proliferation of a benign tumor in the uterus. Symptoms of polyps and endometriosis are scanty brown or scarlet bleeding from the vagina, various monthly disruptions, postponement of the onset of menstruation, abdominal pain and other painful symptoms.

Vaginal discharge before menstruation due to the development of pregnancy

Immediately it should be noted that if a pregnant woman had any bleeding from the vagina, scanty or abundant, in any case, it is necessary to seek the help of a gynecologist. Poor spotting before menstruation, for which a pregnancy test gives a positive result, should in any case be examined by a specialist. Going to a gynecologist in early pregnancy is very important even in the absence of bloody, brown bleeding, so when a brown daub appears, you can combine two important things at the same time.

The importance of visiting a doctor also lies in the fact that symptoms in the form of brown daub during pregnancy, in some cases, may be symptoms of a decrease in the level of sex hormones or may be the first signs of a miscarriage. And the doctor can help you choose the necessary hormone drugs, which with high efficiency will be able to maintain the level of the necessary hormones in the female body.

What discharge before menstruation can be considered the norm?

Often, women do not know which discharge can be considered the norm before menstruation, and which smear before the onset of menstruation should cause concern and may be a symptom of a developing problem in the female body. According to the observations of specialists, if a woman has a bloody scarlet bloody the day before the beginning of her period, on the first day of the beginning of her period, such symptoms are signs of natural processes. Also the norm can be considered scant discharge of the kisseloobrazny type, if their appearance occurs at the end of the menstruation cycle or in the second half of the menstruation. If there are jelly-like discharges a couple of days before the onset of the menstruation process, or if the vaginal discharge is transparent and appears in the event of a subsequent onset of ovulation, then such a smear can also be considered the norm. Read more in the article: allocation of unhealthy color from the vagina, the causes and symptoms of any diseases.

What discharge (daub) before menstruation (menstruation) can be considered as symptoms of the problem?

The problem of women is that most of them often take any daub, bloody discharge that appears before menstruation, as natural processes. But if such secretions continue to appear before the onset of menstruation for 5 days or more, if such a daub is brown, if vaginal discharge before menstruation is pink or yellow-green, then such symptoms indicate the presence of certain health problems. It should also be considered dangerous abundant discharge a week before menstruation, if the discharge has a strong and unpleasant smell, if such a smear appears constantly before each menstruation, then this may indicate the development of some gynecological diseases, hormonal failure and other dangerous health problems.

It is believed that if for 5 or more days a woman notices the appearance of daub before menstruation, then such symptoms may indicate the development of the following gynecological diseases: cervicitis, endocervicitis, candidiasis (thrush), an infectious disease, the development of a benign or malignant tumor. Such preliminary conclusions can be made only if the woman does not become pregnant or does not accept hormonal OK (oral contraceptives).

Brown daub, highlighting brown

The color of such secretions is the most common and can be both completely natural symptoms of the restructuring of the female body before menstruation, and a symptom of one of the gynecological diseases. For more details, read the article: Causes of brown dabs, brown vaginal discharge.

Green or greenish yellow daub

Vaginal discharge of a greenish-yellow color can be symptoms of purulent cervicitis. If a greenish-yellow daub appears with an unpleasant smell from the discharge, then this may indicate the development of a venereal disease. Extremely rarely such a selection a week before menstruation talk about the development of pregnancy.

Why does daub appear after sex (intercourse)?

One of the most common causes of daub brown or brown after sexual intercourse is a rough sexual contract. According to only one discharge after intercourse, it is very difficult to determine whether such a smear is a sign of the development of a gynecological disease or appears as a result of absolutely natural processes in the female body. And even in most cases, scanty bleeding after intercourse should not cause suspicion, but in some cases, brown vaginal discharge after sex may be one of the symptoms of cervicitis, cervical erosion, vaginitis, various infectious diseases, the appearance of a polyp in the uterus (one or several).

But most often such brown vaginal discharge after sex is the result of the formation of vaginal microcracks or mechanical damage during sexual intercourse. Hazardous should be considered a daub after intercourse, which is accompanied by lower abdominal pain, fever, other painful symptoms and signs of infection or inflammation in the female genital organs.

Norm or disease?

A completely acceptable phenomenon is considered to be the case when, on the eve of “critical days”, the discharge becomes atypically dark in nature, and is slightly smeared. This means that menstruation is about to begin. The process should not occur abruptly, which means that the first traces of brown secretions indicate that menstruation is just around the corner.

Therefore, if a woman knows that they have to start day by day, and her discharge has taken the form of red-brown smears, then this is an acceptable reaction. The reason for visiting the doctor are the brown discharge during the period of menstruation.


This pathological condition is considered the most serious. It is worth paying attention if the brown discharge a week before menstruation is accompanied by certain symptoms:

  • Pain in the pelvis before menstruation, not pronounced after menstruation and weak in the middle of the cycle.
  • A aching pain in the lower abdomen. The higher the degree of pain on the first day of menstruation - the more severe the disease.
  • The change in color of the discharge, ranging from light brown to outgrowing even in black.

It is impossible to identify this disease on your own, only a gynecologist will be able to help. Examination is performed using vaginal examination, tissue sampling (biopsy), or MRI.

If, after the study, endometriosis was still detected, the woman is prescribed hormone therapy (most often Gestrion, Danazol, etc.). Regarding the pain - it is intended to receive analgesics. Endometriosis, which has a running form, is accompanied by prompt removal of the outbreak.


Disease associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus. During the appearance of brown discharge, this disease is additionally accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen. It often becomes the cause of the very brown discharge.

To avoid complications and the transition to the chronic form should be treated, then to avoid miscarriages at different times, and to be able to endure the child. It is endometritis that prevents the process of attachment of the ovum to the uterus from the first day of conception.

Endometrial hyperplasia

This is a disease that occurs due to excessive growth of the endometrial tissue. The active growth of the endometrium falls in the first phase of the menstrual cycle, under the influence of the hormone estrogen. In the second phase of the cycle, the ovaries are already starting to produce progesterone, which in turn controls the growth of the endometrium.

That is why, hyperplasia in women arises from an imbalance of hormones: a lack of progesterone, and an excess of estrogens.

Inflammations and infections

The reasons can be safely attributed to various infectious processes occurring in the body, especially sexually transmitted diseases, causing powerful damage to the reproductive system. Signs of infection with such diseases are precisely the selection of brown color not only before menstruation, but also after, as well as itching, and the presence of a fetid odor.

These signs are similar to the symptom complex of inflammations. If the causes of secretions are associated with the inflammatory process, treatment with antibiotics and restorative preparations is prescribed. The severity of the stage of inflammation affects how the treatment will be carried out: outpatient or inpatient.

Uterine myoma

Myoma is a tumor of benign nature that appears in the walls of the uterus or in the cervix; it does not have a cancer nature. Fibroid sizes range from a few millimeters to a few centimeters.

The development of such a tumor is due to a disturbance in the hormonal background, which is considered to be the initial cause of occurrence. Very often, fibroids are observed in young women, and are successfully absorbed in menopausal age, since the estrogen level begins to decline during this period.

Occur in the cervix or in the reproductive organs. These tumors are benign in nature, the cause of which is considered hormonal disorders.

Symptoms that are characteristic when polyps occur:

  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Lower abdominal pain.
  • Discharge uncharacteristic after sex.

Polyps can occur after various surgical interventions, abortions, cesarean section, inflammation of the ovaries and uterus.

Hormonal contraception

Also, the use of hormonal contraceptives can provoke the presence of brown color secretions. So how exactly at this moment the female body undergoes adaptation and changes in the hormonal background. That is why for their choice, a woman must undergo a full examination.

Also among these reasons are the use of intrauterine devices, which also directly contain hormones.

Brown discharge before menstruation

It is this type of discharge that is considered physiological, and it indicates the presence of coagulated blood in the pelvis. The source of such blood can be the mucosa of the vagina, the cervix, or the organ cavity, if bleeding has opened in them.

Brown discharge instead of menstruation

A woman should pay all attention if instead of menstruation there are brown, smearing discharges, on the background of which the stomach hurts. It is these symptoms that often indicate that an inflammatory process has begun in the body, the cause of which was a recent postponement or abortion. Problems in the early stages of gestation, acclimatization, excitement and hormonal disruptions.

Elimination of atypical secretions

In order for the doctor to prescribe the most appropriate course of treatment for the manifestation of brown discharge before menstruation, the first thing to do is to determine the exact cause of the problem. If the examination revealed a pathological reason for the growth of the endometrium, then drugs are prescribed to help normalize the hormonal background.

Medical treatment courses are prescribed by a gynecologist individually for each case, because the body of each woman is unique. Much depends on the stage of development of pathological changes, the nature of the disease, the age of the woman, etc.

Signs of the onset of menstruation

Feelings that women experience before the start of menstruation are individual. Often pulls the abdomen, increases appetite, swell mammary glands. Possible irritability, apathy.

Often there are several symptoms at once:

  • lethargy,
  • drowsiness,
  • flatulence,
  • desire to be alone
  • absent-mindedness
  • swelling.

Natural causes of "daub" a week or a few days before menstruation

Selection brown for 1-3 days before menstruation does not always indicate the pathology of the reproductive system. When they pass without spasms and pain, have a light shade, there is no cause for concern. This is a symptom of an unfertilized egg leaving the uterus, which lasts from a couple of hours to a day.

2 days before the start of a new cycle, brown discharge may appear for the following reasons:

  • stresses
  • taking oral contraceptives
  • installation of intrauterine device,
  • long trip, climate change,
  • alcohol abuse.

At the age of 40 years, such discharge may accompany menopause. In this case, there may be hot flashes, mood swings and other associated symptoms. Phytopreparations or hormonal drugs will allow them to be removed. The same can happen in the postpartum period, when the cycle is restored. Spotting for 3 days before the arrival of postpartum menstruation may be a variant of the norm. However, they must go after 2 such cycles.

The probable cause of “smear” after sex, which can be observed before menstruation or in any other period of the cycle, are microcracks in the vagina. Subsequently, it is recommended to use a lubricant or practice a longer prelude. When the discharge after sex is accompanied by a rise in body temperature, pain, spasm in the lower abdomen, an inflammatory or infectious process can be suspected.

Brown discharge as a symptom of a pathological process

Smearing spotting before menstruation is often observed at the beginning of taking oral contraceptives, as well as when changing one drug to another. Pathological causes of brown discharge a week before menstruation:

  • Endometriosis and endometrial hyperplasia. Inflammation of the endometrium is manifested by dark bloody secretions. With monthly hyperplasia, it is very difficult to stop, uterine bleeding is often observed.
  • Polyps of the uterus. Benign growths also lead to daubs during menstruation. Vaginal discharge may be scanty brown or small scarlet. At the same time, other symptoms may be observed - cycle failures, pain, prolonged heavy menstruation.
  • Cervical erosion. Systematic secretion of black and dark brown color often accompanies this pathology.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Discharge often have an unpleasant smell, there is a burning sensation and a rash in the intimate area. If untreated, pathologies are fraught with sterility.
  • Ovarian cysts. Accompanied by brown and red secretions of varying intensity. At an early stage of isolation scanty, bother a couple of days. In advanced cases, the duration and volume of discharge increases. They can last a week or more.

Pathological brown discharge may be accompanied by the following sensations:

  • pain during sex
  • itching of intimate organs,
  • pain when urinating,
  • pulling pain in the area of ​​the ovaries and lower back,
  • the release of brown clots
  • the duration of the daub is more than 5 days.

A serious cause of pathological secretions are hormonal disorders. Why do they occur? Possible causes - from stress to failure of the endocrine glands. If left untreated, such an imbalance will lead to benign tumors of the reproductive organs, which will call into question the possibility of having children.

Discharge before menstruation at the onset of pregnancy

If the pregnancy test gives a positive result and the monthly ones do not start, and the expectant mother has a brown daub in front of her monthly period for the prescribed time, it is important to see a doctor. This is a dangerous symptom that indicates a decrease in the level of sex hormones, which can lead to the threat of interruption. The specialist will prescribe drugs to preserve the fetus.

Brown "daub" is observed every day during ectopic pregnancy. The volume of discharge gradually increases, their color changes to red.

The nature of the discharge before menstruation

The norm in gynecology are such female selection:

  • before ovulation - transparent, abundant, odorless,
  • after ovulation - scanty, thick,
  • 3-4 days before the arrival of menstruation - increasing in volume,
  • on the first day of the new cycle - scarlet "daub", which gradually increases.

Changes in the volume and consistency of the secret are associated with regular natural fluctuations in hormonal levels. The nature of the discharge largely depends on age, intensity of sexuality, quality of nutrition, the presence of chronic ailments, medication, including contraceptive hormonal drugs. Given these factors, we can say that the rate for each woman is individual. For this reason, any abnormalities should be the reason for medical consultation.

Standard options

Is it possible to consider the normal brown spotting before menstruation? If they appeared a day before the beginning of a new cycle, have a scarlet or dark red (almost brown) color, this is a variant of the norm. The same discharge may accompany the end of menstruation. Clear mid-cycle discharge is a symptom of ovulation. At the same time, a woman experiences an emotional lift, sexual arousal, gets more pleasure from intimate life.

Diagnostic methods to identify the causes of secretions

For any deviations of the menstrual cycle that recur repeatedly in the absence of pregnancy, it is important to visit a gynecologist. It is advisable to make an appointment just before menstruation, when there is a selection. The doctor can evaluate their color and consistency, take a smear for analysis, conduct a pelvic examination. Additionally, pelvic ultrasound may be prescribed, hormone tests (estrogen, progestron, other sex hormones).

Test data and examination allow you to make an accurate diagnosis and correctly choose the therapy. It happens that a woman is healthy, and the discharge has a physiological nature. If there are problems, they should be urgently addressed.

During any discharge in pregnant women, it is important to consult a doctor. He will prescribe an ultrasound scan, tests for STIs, other necessary studies to identify the problem.

Features of treatment depending on the causes of the symptom

Treatment for pathological discharge before menstruation is aimed at eliminating the disease that caused this symptom. Perhaps, in addition to the gynecologist, the woman will need to consult a nutritionist, an infectious disease specialist, an immunologist, a psychologist. After diagnosis, the following activities are shown:

  • Infectious diseases are treated with antimicrobial pills. This is Terzhinan, Trihopol, Flagyl. Perhaps the appointment of douching solution Furacilin, Chlorhexidine.
  • For endometritis and other inflammatory processes, suppositories Mikozhinaks, Hexicon are additionally shown. In parallel, they prescribe immunomodulators, antibacterial drugs, and probiotics.
  • In ectopic pregnancy, surgery is performed, antibacterial and hormone therapy is prescribed. After the recovery period, a new pregnancy is planned.

  • With hormonal disorders, progesterone and estrogen are corrected. For this purpose Utrozhestan, Duphaston and other means are prescribed.
  • Polyposis and cystic formations are adjusted by hormonal preparations. If there is no effect after 3-6 months, laparoscopy is indicated.
  • Fibroids, fibromyomas are treated with hormonal drugs. With abnormal growth of benign tumors, surgical removal or embolization of the uterine arteries is performed. After bleeding caused by a tumor, iron is taken, vitamin preparations are taken.
  • With cervical erosion, treatment is performed by cauterization, chemical coagulation, cryodestruction, the use of pills and suppositories. The hormonal background is corrected in parallel, immunity strengthening is shown.
  • STDs are treated with antibiotics, probiotics, polyenzyme drugs. It requires sexual rest, the process of therapy is long and rather unpleasant.

Self-treatment for any abnormal discharge is unacceptable. Treatment should take place under the supervision of a physician who prescribes the most appropriate drugs, taking into account the state of health, age, features of the woman's body. Control tests are necessarily carried out, the results of which draw conclusions about the effectiveness of therapy.

Preventive measures will help to avoid problems on the gynecological part. Among them - a healthy lifestyle, lack of stress, personal hygiene. Regular sex life, physical activity and proper nutrition will avoid hormonal disruptions. Mandatory regular routine examinations of the gynecologist.

Physiological causes of brown secretion before regulations

The organs of the reproductive system are among the most vulnerable in the woman’s body. Various factors that are not related to diseases can affect their functioning, and hence the rejected mucus - an indicator of health. Experts identify several reasons for the appearance of brown discharge before menstruation, due to physiological processes:

The end of the formation of organs of the reproductive system

If the period began in a girl recently, and the cycle is far from stable, premenstrual secretions of brown color are not considered by gynecologists through the lens of pathology.

The allocation of such a secret is allowed for six months after the first menarche and worry about this is not necessary. The presence of deviations in the functioning of the reproductive organs is worth considering if the blood daub is permanent and lasts more than 7-8 months. In this case, you must immediately contact a specialist who will identify the exact diagnosis.

Introduction of hormonal contraceptives

These remedies affect the hormones of the whole organism. The presence of characteristic brown mucus in smearing a few days before menstruation is a sign of the presence of the desired effect on the body by means of contraception. It is worth guarding if such a secret is present for more than 3 months. This phenomenon indicates the need for the selection of another drug or contraceptive.

Use of intrauterine device

The principle of the impact of this tool affects both the possibility of pregnancy, and the color of the rejected secret. After installing the helix, gynecologists admit the possibility of the presence of light brown discharge before menstruation for several cycles. Examine information about the selection after installing the Navy in the article on the link.

Eating disorders

Bulimia, anorexia, sharp jumps in weight or constant exercises of strength training exceeding the permissible load for the body can lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle and the appearance of a bloody secretion of uncharacter color. The elimination of this phenomenon lies in the field of therapy and nutrition, but not gynecology.


The period characterizes the beginning of the restructuring of the reproductive system before the actual onset of menopause. Changes are subject not only to the reproductive organs, but also the general hormonal background. Changes in the amount of estrogen produced can cause rejection of dark brown and black secretions before menstruation. To eliminate this phenomenon, the doctor may prescribe a course of hormonal drugs to the patient.

After sex

Insufficient release of lubricant or excessively active sex can lead to injuries on the inner surface of the vagina, uterus and labia. This phenomenon is fraught with rejection of small lumps of brown tint. This daub takes place a few days after intercourse and does not require special treatment. And also after intimacy, this symptom may appear due to the presence of cervical erosion.

Pathological causes of brown secretion to menstruation

According to experts, brown discharge before menstruation should cause concern only if this phenomenon is aggravated by other symptoms that cause discomfort. These include:

  1. Soreness during intercourse.
  2. The rejection of the secret unpleasant smell.
  3. Pulling or cutting pains in the lower abdomen.
  4. Burning during urination.
  5. Severe itching in the perineum.
  6. Duration and consistency of bleeding 5-7 days before menstruation.

The detection of these symptoms indicates the presence of pathologies that have arisen in the organs of the reproductive system. Most of them are burdened by the presence of inflammatory processes.

Gynecologists distinguish a number of diseases, the presence of which is indicated by discomfort combined with brown secretions, rejected before menstruation and after menstruation. These include:

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

One of the most common causes of these diseases is fungal microorganisms that are transmitted from partner to partner during unprotected sexual intercourse. Depending on the "biological subspecies", there are several of the most common infections:

Doctors note that the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases are similar in many respects. Summarizing, it is possible to identify several signs of sexual infection:

  1. Spotting, the color of which can vary from light pink to a rich brownish tint with blood patches.
  2. Characteristic, sharp smell, which has rejected secret.
  3. Changes in the monthly cycle, frequent delays of critical days.
  4. Burning during urination.
  5. Severe itching in the groin area.
  6. The appearance of ulcers on the surface of the genital lips.

Diagnosing such symptoms in oneself is a reason for immediate treatment to the nearest gynecological consultation!

The availability of timely treatment will help minimize the side effects of the infection on the reproductive organs. It is worth noting that for effective treatment it is necessary to strictly follow the recovery plan, and, if indicated, to undergo a course of therapy in the hospital.

Ectopic pregnancy

A pathological condition during pregnancy characterized by the attachment of a fertilized egg outside the uterus. This process is characterized by a sharp rejection of brown discharge immediately before the start of menstruation. Ignoring this state is fraught with the passage of the luminous secret into extensive bleeding, which can cause a fatal outcome.

Remember, bleeding during the gestation period can not be attributed to the physiological norm! The presence of such a secret can mean a serious threat hanging over the fetus or pregnant! If this symptom occurs, immediately consult a gynecologist!

We are talking about benign tumors that grow in the uterus.

Opinions of doctors differ on the causes of the disease, but many of them are inclined to believe that the disease is the answer of the reproductive system to hormonal disruption in the body. The symptomatology of polyps at an early stage is very weak. Women who have suffered this ailment noted that initially nothing but brown discharge, not accompanied by pain, prior to menstruation, did not bother them. In the process of disease progression, especially when polyps pass into the uterus, there are many other symptoms that cause discomfort. These include:

  1. Blood discharge not only before menstruation, but also after sexual contact.
  2. Painful sensations in the lower abdomen.
  3. The appearance of red daub in the middle of the cycle, and before the regulations.
  4. Strong pain during intercourse.

If you find yourself with similar symptoms, you must immediately contact a gynecologist!

Diagnosis of the causes of brown secretion before menstruation

Regardless of the presence or absence of aggravating symptoms, it is necessary to visit a doctor to determine the cause of what is happening. Experts believe that the blood mucous secretion can not stand out "just like that" and the diagnosis of the patient is necessary, first of all, to exclude cancer.

A set of actions aimed at establishing the cause of the rejection of the daub before critical days is included:

  1. Examination on the gynecological chair.
  2. Removal of the vaginal biomaterial by scraping the upper epithelial layer.
  3. Ultrasound.
  4. Consideration of the results of the general analysis of blood and analysis of hormones.
  5. Histology.
  6. Biopsy.
  7. Colposcopy.
  8. The history of heredity.

Such a range of procedures is necessary for the best comprehensive study of the root causes of what is happening and the selection of an effective course of treatment.

Why before menstruation there are spotting brown discharge

Classify diseases in which the secret becomes brown, depending on the condition of the woman.

At the very beginning of pregnancy, this phenomenon is not a dangerous symptom. When an embryo is introduced into the uterus, a few drops of clotted blood can be released, since the vessels are damaged during implantation.

A woman during this period - if she did not use the test - also does not know about the change of status.

During pregnancy, the same discharge is already dangerous - they indicate a rejection of the fetus. You must immediately contact your doctor. Currently, the process of rejection, which was considered irreversible 10-15 years ago, may be stopped. If a woman at the first brownish drops on the linen sought medical help, the pregnancy can lead to a successful end.

Women may experience a brown discharge after intercourse. This may indicate some fascination with the process - the mucous membrane is injured during coitus, and may be a symptom of cervical erosion or inflammation of gynecological organs. Such a condition also requires an appeal to a gynecologist - inflammation adversely affects the general condition of the reproductive system, with erosion there is a risk of cell degeneration and the appearance of a malignant process.

There are other reasons for which the discharge may turn brown.

  1. The use of hormonal contraception and dietary supplements containing estrogen. In this case, the body can get used to new drugs for about 2-3 months, but if the adaptation process lasts longer, then it is very likely - the medicine is not suitable, and the treatment will have to be canceled,
  2. Discharges of this nature may continue for 2-3 months after using the ambulance in contraception - Postinor. The shock dose of hormones significantly violates the hormonal balance,
  3. Changes in the endocrine system, thyroid dysfunction,
  4. After installing the intrauterine device - if no attention is paid to this side effect, endometritis may develop in the future,
  5. The presence of sexually transmitted infections
  6. Hormonal changes,
  7. After genital trauma,
  8. Gynecological manipulations that were performed on the eve of menstruation,
  9. Climate belt change,
  10. Changes in diet and diet, which leads to a sharp weight loss,
  11. Stress factors, emotional distress.

If it smears brown before menstruation, the reason for this may be sexual intercourse, which was held on the eve of the process. Menstruation can linger for a day or two, and the bloody secret will gradually depart.

There are also certain diseases, one of the symptoms of which is a long “daub” brown before menstruation. They should be considered in more detail so that - if unpleasant symptoms appear - do not get lost and know what therapeutic measures are needed to eliminate the inflammatory process.

Brown discharge before menstruation - a cause for concern or the norm?

Many women have a brown vaginal discharge a few days before the onset of menstruation. Gradually, these secretions increase and develop into full menstrual bleeding. This is a normal condition and does not require medical intervention.

Another thing, if the brown discharge from the genital tract begins 5-7 days before the onset of menstruation. Often this symptom indicates the presence of inflammatory diseases of the uterus, erosion, endometrial hyperplasia or cervical polyps. Brown discharge before menstruation can be observed due to hormonal disruptions in the body, caused by inadequate intake of oral contraceptives, for example.

In the presence of erosion or polyps on the cervix, the woman may also experience the appearance of brown discharge. Confirm the presence of a pathological process on the cervix can gynecologist, examining a woman in a chair in the mirrors. The appearance of brown secretions can be observed after a rough sexual intercourse or vaginal douching, due to internal intervention and injury to the mucous membrane.

Causes of brown discharge

Very often, the appearance of brown discharge before the onset of menstruation is due to the use of funds from unwanted pregnancy, which can be both oral contraceptives, and intrauterine devices and vaginal ring. The most common brown secretions appear when administering low-dose oral medications.

Normally, vaginal discharge when taking oral contraceptives can be repeated for 3 months from the start of use. However, if after 3 months the discharge continues, the woman should tell the gynecologist about it, perhaps this drug is not suitable for her and the doctor will choose another one.

In any case, brown discharge before menstruation can not be left without medical attention. For example, the appearance of such secretions as a result of the pathological proliferation of the mucous membrane of the uterus can lead to miscarriages, since the defective epithelium of the uterus does not allow the ovum to adhere and develop normally. As a rule, endometritis occurs as a result of pathogenic infectious agents entering the uterus during interventions in a woman’s body. This usually occurs when:

  • Artificial abortion (especially after 7 weeks of gestation),
  • Pathological labor
  • Manual removal of the placenta during labor
  • Diagnostic curettage of the uterus,
  • Uterine sounding.

At the initial stage of development, endometriosis can be almost asymptomatic, which increases the risk of the disease becoming chronic.

Most often, a woman visits a doctor when menstrual irregularities become noticeable, there are brown discharges before menstruation, lower abdominal pain.

One of the reasons for the appearance of brown discharge a few days before the onset of menstruation is hyperplasia of endometrial polyps. A characteristic manifestation of this pathology is the occurrence of brown vaginal discharge not only before the onset of menstruation, but also in the middle of the cycle. In addition to the main signs of endometrial polyps, women have cramping pain in the lower abdomen on the eve of menstruation. It is possible to confirm the presence of uterine polyps using ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, hysteroscopy and hysterography.

Brown discharge from the external genital tract before menstruation may indicate the presence of uterine fibroids. Fibroids is a benign tumor of the uterus, which most often develops in women of childbearing age. A characteristic symptom of this pathology is the appearance of bleeding in the middle of the cycle and brown discharge before menstruation.

Is it necessary to treat the appearance of brown secretions before menstruation?

Before prescribing a woman any treatment, the doctor must determine the cause of brown discharge before menstruation.

If the brown discharge that appeared 1-2 days before the onset of menstruation gradually develops into full menstrual bleeding, then this condition does not require any medical intervention.

If brown discharge before menstruation is a symptom of a pathological proliferation of the uterus mucous membrane, then a woman is usually prescribed hormonal drugs to normalize hormonal levels. Drug medication is selected only by a gynecologist separately and individually for each woman, depending on the extent of the pathological process, disease neglect, history of labor activity, age of the patient and many other factors.

If endometritis is detected - inflammation of the uterine mucous membrane, the woman must be prescribed antibiotics, to which the pathogen is sensitive. After completing the course of therapy, the patient is shown a number of physiotherapeutic procedures and rehabilitation treatment (probiotics, vitamins, immunomodulators).

If brown vaginal discharge before menstruation is the result of polyposis, then the woman is prescribed a course of hormonal drugs. Again, the drug is selected individually for each individual case, depending on the characteristics of the woman’s body and the extent of the pathological process.

The dynamics of treatment with hormonal drugs can be observed only after three months from the start of taking the pills. If treatment with hormonal drugs did not bring any result, then the patient is shown surgical intervention using the laparoscopy method.